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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Elasticsearch vs. RavenDB

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Elasticsearch vs. RavenDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonRavenDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.A distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricOpen Source Operational and Transactional Enterprise NoSQL Document Database
Primary database modelDocument storeSearch engineDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score19.11
Rank#33  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score148.62
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score4.74
Rank#65  Overall
#11  Document stores
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.elastic.co/­products/­elasticsearchravendb.net
Technical documentationwiki.apache.org/­couchdbwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlravendb.net/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerElasticHibernating Rhinos
Initial release200520102010
Current release2.3.1, March 20197.0.0, April 20194.2, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicenseOpen Source infoAGPL version 3, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Elasticsearch Service on Elastic Cloud: Try out the official hosted Elasticsearch and Kibana offering available on AWS and GCP that's powered by the creators of Elasticsearch.
Implementation languageErlangJavaC#
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
macOS
Raspberry Pi
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languageSQL-like query language (RQL)
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
.NET Client API
Java Client API
Python Client API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
.Net
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Community Contributed Clients
.Net
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyesyes
Triggersyesyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0ShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
yesMulti-master replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesES-Hadoop Connectoryes infoMapReduce functions can be defined in Linq
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possiblenoACID, Cluster-wide transaction available
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noMemcached and Redis integration
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess control on document level using the Authorization Bundle
More information provided by the system vendor
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"ElasticsearchRavenDB
Specific characteristicsElasticsearch is a highly scalable open source full-text search and analytics engine....
» more
Mentioned in both Gartner and Forrester research, RavenDB is a pioneer in the newest...
» more
Competitive advantagesOpen source, real-time index, search and analysis, horizontally scalable, distributed,...
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RavenDB is easy to setup and secure. You can do it in a matter of minutes . Easy...
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Typical application scenarios
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IoT for Edge Deployments Fraud Detection Recommendation Engines Product Catalogs...
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Key customers
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Toyota, Vodafone, Medicaid, Nomura, RMS Automotive, MSNBC, Pluralsight, JetBrains
» more
Market metricsMore than 250 million cumulative downloads More than 100,000 community members in...
» more
2 million+ downloads 1000+ customers including Fortune 500 large enterprises
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Elastic Stack (Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats, and Logstash) is free and open source...
» more
RavenDB is available on-premise and in the cloud. RavenDB Community : You can take...
» more

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Related products and services
3rd partiesDremio: Analyze your data with standard SQL and any BI tool. Accelerate your queries up to 1,000x.
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Elastic Cloud: Try the official hosted Elasticsearch.
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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"ElasticsearchRavenDB
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