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DBMS > BaseX vs. Elasticsearch vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison BaseX vs. Elasticsearch vs. Neo4j

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBaseX  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLight-weight Native XML DBMS with support for XQuery 3.0 and interactive GUI.A distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricOpen source graph database
Primary database modelNative XML DBMSSearch engineGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.36
Rank#131  Overall
#4  Native XML DBMS
Score146.00
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score49.49
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websitebasex.orgwww.elastic.co/­products/­elasticsearchneo4j.com
Technical documentationdocs.basex.orgwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperBaseX GmbHElasticNeo4j, Inc.
Initial release200720102007
Current release9.2, April 20197.0.0, April 20193.5.4, April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSD licenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicenseOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Elasticsearch Service on Elastic Cloud: Try out the official hosted Elasticsearch and Kibana offering available on AWS and GCP that's powered by the creators of Elasticsearch.
Implementation languageJavaJavaJava, Scala
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infoXQuery supports typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
RESTXQ
WebDAV
XML:DB
XQJ
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesActionscript
C
C#
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
Qt
Rebol
Ruby
Scala
Visual Basic
.Net
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Community Contributed Clients
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersyes infovia eventsyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneyesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoES-Hadoop Connectorno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datamultiple readers, single writernoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integration
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept on 4 levelsUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
BaseXElasticsearchNeo4j
Specific characteristicsElasticsearch is a highly scalable open source full-text search and analytics engine....
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesOpen source, real-time index, search and analysis, horizontally scalable, distributed,...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenarios
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customers
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsMore than 250 million cumulative downloads More than 100,000 community members in...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Elastic Stack (Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats, and Logstash) is free and open source...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

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22 April 2019

This Week in Neo4j – Content-Based Recommendations using Knowledge Graphs, Augment Intelligence with Graph Power, Graph Algorithms in Practice
20 April 2019

More Data, More Visualizations: 5-Minute Interview with Sebastian Müller
19 April 2019

Here’s How the Neo4j Community Celebrated Global Graph Celebration Day!
18 April 2019

BloodHound: How Graphs Changed the Way Hackers Attack
17 April 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesElastic Cloud: Try the official hosted Elasticsearch.
» more

Dremio: Analyze your data with standard SQL and any BI tool. Accelerate your queries up to 1,000x.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
BaseXElasticsearchNeo4j
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Recent citations in the news

BaseX: Free, open source XML wrangling
3 March 2015, Network World

Contributors to SearchNetworking
2 April 2018, TechTarget

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