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DBMS > ArangoDB vs. Dgraph vs. Elasticsearch

System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. Dgraph vs. Elasticsearch

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.Distributed and scalable native Graph DBMSA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metric
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Graph DBMSSearch engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.21
Rank#61  Overall
#10  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#10  Key-value stores
#7  Search engines
Score1.04
Rank#145  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
Score151.44
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Websitewww.arangodb.comdgraph.iowww.elastic.co/­products/­elasticsearch
Technical documentationwww.arangodb.com/­docs/­stabledocs.dgraph.iowww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.html
DeveloperArangoDB Inc.Dgraph Labs, Inc.Elastic
Initial release201220162010
Current release3.6, January 20207.3.0, August 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic License
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Oasis provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.Elasticsearch Service on Elastic Cloud: Try out the official hosted Elasticsearch and Kibana offering available on AWS and GCP that's powered by the creators of Elasticsearch.
Implementation languageC++GoJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Data schemeschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionschema-freeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistent
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsAQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
GraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptnoyes
Triggersnonoyes infoby using the 'percolation' feature
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infosince version 2.0yesSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replication with configurable replication factorSynchronous replication via Raftyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptnoES-Hadoop Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, all
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationships in graphsnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integration
User concepts infoAccess controlyesno infoPlanned for future releases
More information provided by the system vendor
ArangoDBDgraphElasticsearch
Specific characteristicsOne Engine. One Query Language. Multiple Data Models. ArangoDB is an open source...
» more
Elasticsearch is a highly scalable open source full-text search and analytics engine....
» more
Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
» more
Horizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
» more
Open source, real-time index, search and analysis, horizontally scalable, distributed,...
» more
Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
» more

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Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more

» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 9000 stargazers on...
» more
More than 250 million cumulative downloads More than 100,000 community members in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more
The Elastic Stack (Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats, and Logstash) is free and open source...
» more
News

Massive Inserts into ArangoDB With NodeJS
9 January 2020

What’s new in ArangoDB 3.6: OneShard Deployments and Performance Improvements
8 January 2020

Release Candidate 2 of the ArangoDB 3.6 available for testing
23 December 2019

ArangoDB and the Cloud Native Ecosystem
20 November 2019

Say Hi To ArangoDB Oasis: A Fully-Managed Multi-Model Database Service
14 November 2019

Related products and services
3rd partiesDremio: Analyze your data with standard SQL and any BI tool. Accelerate your queries up to 1,000x.
» more

Elastic Cloud: Try the official hosted Elasticsearch.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
ArangoDBDgraphElasticsearch
DB-Engines blog posts

The Weight of Relational Databases: Time for Multi-Model?
29 August 2017, Luca Olivari (guest author)

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PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Elasticsearch moved into the top 10 most popular database management systems
3 July 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

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Recent citations in the news

ArangoDB boosts multi-model database performance with release of ArangoDB 3.6
9 January 2020, SDTimes.com

ArangoDB 3.6 accelerates performance of multi-model database
10 January 2020, TechTarget

Looking to Improve Database Performance – Check Out ArangoDB 3.6 Update That Delivers Major Performance Improvements
8 January 2020, Toolbox

Four Companies Offering Multimodel Database Management System Technology Named IDC Innovators
9 January 2020, Business Wire

Real-time Analytics News Roundup for Week Ending January 11
12 January 2020, RTInsights

provided by Google News

Dgraph raises $11.5 million for scalable graph database solutions
31 July 2019, VentureBeat

Dgraph Labs Secures $11.5 Million in Latest Funding Round
31 July 2019, Database Trends and Applications

Startup Dgraph Labs growing graph database technology
1 August 2019, TechTarget

Dgraph raises $3M for its open-source distributed graph database, hits 1.0 release
19 December 2017, TechCrunch

Dgraph releases Ristretto, a fast, concurrent and memory-bound Go cache library
24 September 2019, Packt Hub

provided by Google News

Elastic Delivers Native Kubernetes Integration For Elasticsearch
16 January 2020, CRN: Technology news for channel partners and solution providers

Elasticsearch Database Leaks 100 GB Data of Peekaboo Moments App
14 January 2020, CISO MAG

Wyze Exposes User Data via Unsecured ElasticSearch Cluster
29 December 2019, BleepingComputer

Elastic Cloud on Kubernetes (ECK) 1.0 Is Now Generally Available
15 January 2020, Valdosta Daily Times

Elastic Cloud on Kubernetes 1.0 is now available
16 January 2020, Help Net Security

provided by Google News

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