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DBMS > Apache Jena - TDB vs. CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database

System Properties Comparison Apache Jena - TDB vs. CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database

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NameApache Jena - TDB  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA RDF storage and query DBMS, shipped as an optional-use component of the Apache Jena frameworkA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Cloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.
Primary database modelRDF storeDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.27
Rank#104  Overall
#3  RDF stores
Score19.22
Rank#33  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score10.85
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Websitejena.apache.org/­documentation/­tdb/­index.htmlcouchdb.apache.orgfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-database
Technical documentationjena.apache.org/­documentation/­tdb/­index.htmlwiki.apache.org/­couchdbfirebase.google.com/­docs/­database
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infooriginally developed by HP LabsApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014
Initial release200020052012
Current release3.12.0, May 20192.3.1, March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache License, Version 2.0Open Source infoApache version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaErlang
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyes infoRDF Schemasschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonono
APIs and other access methodsFuseki infoREST-style SPARQL HTTP Interface
Jena RDF API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesJavaC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesView functions in JavaScriptlimited functionality with using 'rules'
Triggersyes infovia event handleryesCallbacks are triggered when data changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoTDB Transactionsno infoatomic operations within a single document possibleyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess control via Jena SecurityAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseyes, based on authentication and database rules

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Apache Jena - TDBCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Firebase Realtime Database
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