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DBMS > Apache Impala vs. Spark SQL vs. Trino

System Properties Comparison Apache Impala vs. Spark SQL vs. Trino

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Impala  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparisonTrino  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic DBMS for HadoopSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processingFast distributed SQL query engine for big data analytics. Forked from Presto and originally named PrestoSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Key-value store
Spatial DBMS
Search engine
Time Series DBMS
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score12.45
Rank#40  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score18.04
Rank#33  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Score4.99
Rank#65  Overall
#36  Relational DBMS
Websiteimpala.apache.orgspark.apache.org/­sqltrino.io
Technical documentationimpala.apache.org/­impala-docs.htmlspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.htmltrino.io/­broadcast
trino.io/­docs/­current
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterYouTubeGitHub
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by ClouderaApache Software FoundationTrino Software Foundation
Initial release201320142012 info2020 rebranded from PrestoSQL
Current release4.1.0, June 20223.5.0 ( 2.13), September 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Starburst Galaxy offers a feature-rich user interface to connect all your data sources, manage your Trino clusters, and query your data.
Implementation languageC++ScalaJava
Server operating systemsLinuxLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
macOS infofor devlopment
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesnodepending on connected data-source
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
RESTful HTTP API
Trino CLI
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCJava
Python
R
Scala
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
R
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reducenoyes, depending on connected data-source
Triggersnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyes, utilizing Spark Coredepending on connected data-source
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factornonedepending on connected data-source
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistencydepending on connected data-source
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonodepending on connected data-source
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesdepending on connected data-source
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosnoSQL standard access control
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache ImpalaSpark SQLTrino
Specific characteristicsTrino is the fastest open source, massively parallel processing SQL query engine...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh performance analtyics and data processing of very large data sets Powerful ANSI...
» more
Typical application scenariosPerformant analytics query engine for data warehouses, data lakes, and data lakehouses...
» more
Key customersTrino is widely adopted across the globe as freely-available open source software....
» more
Market metrics33000+ commits in GitHub 8200+ stargazers in GitHub 1200+ pull requests merged in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsTrino is an open source project and usage is therefore free. Commercial offerings...
» more
News

One busy week to go before Trino Fest 2024
6 June 2024

60: Trino calling AI
22 May 2024

Big names round out the Trino Fest 2024 lineup
8 May 2024

59: Querying Trino with Java and jOOQ
24 April 2024

A sneak peek of Trino Fest 2024
15 April 2024

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Apache ImpalaSpark SQLTrino
Recent citations in the news

Apache Impala becomes Top-Level Project
28 November 2017, SDTimes.com

Cloudera Bringing Impala to AWS Cloud
28 November 2017, Datanami

Apache Doris just 'graduated': Why care about this SQL data warehouse
24 June 2022, InfoWorld

Hudi: Uber Engineering’s Incremental Processing Framework on Apache Hadoop
12 March 2017, Uber

Updates & Upserts in Hadoop Ecosystem with Apache Kudu
27 October 2017, KDnuggets

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24 January 2024, AWS Blog

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3 April 2024, InfoWorld

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1 April 2024, Simplilearn

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1 June 2024, Towards Data Science

Simba Technologies(R) Introduces New, Powerful JDBC Driver With SQL Connector for Apache Spark(TM)
17 March 2024, Yahoo Singapore News

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The Perfect AI Storage: Trino From Facebook And Iceberg From Netflix?
30 April 2024, The Next Platform

Starburst Brings Dataframes Into Trino Platform
7 September 2023, Datanami

Query big data with resilience using Trino in Amazon EMR with Amazon EC2 Spot Instances for less cost | Amazon ...
4 October 2023, AWS Blog

A look at Presto, Trino SQL query engines
9 August 2022, TechTarget

Trino: The Open-source Data Query Engine That Split from Facebook
30 March 2022, hackernoon.com

provided by Google News



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