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DBMS > AlaSQL vs. InfluxDB vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. RethinkDB

System Properties Comparison AlaSQL vs. InfluxDB vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. RethinkDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlaSQL  Xexclude from comparisonInfluxDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparisonRethinkDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJavaScript DBMS libraryDBMS for storing time series, events and metricsFully managed big data interactive analytics platformDBMS for the Web with a mechanism to push updated query results to applications in realtime.
Primary database modelDocument store
Relational DBMS
Time Series DBMSRelational DBMS infocolumn orientedDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.65
Rank#206  Overall
#31  Document stores
#100  Relational DBMS
Score23.34
Rank#29  Overall
#1  Time Series DBMS
Score3.71
Rank#83  Overall
#42  Relational DBMS
Score4.23
Rank#78  Overall
#13  Document stores
Websitealasql.orgwww.influxdata.com/­products/­influxdb-overviewazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorerrethinkdb.com
Technical documentationgithub.com/­agershun/­alasqldocs.influxdata.com/­influxdbdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorerrethinkdb.com/­docs
DeveloperAndrey Gershun & Mathias R. WulffMicrosoftThe Linux Foundation infosince July 2017
Initial release2014201320192009
Current release1.8.0, April 2020cloud service with continuous releases2.4.0, December 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT-LicenseOpen Source infoMIT-License; commercial enterprise version availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaScriptGoC++
Server operating systemsserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Linux
OS X infothrough Homebrew
hostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)schema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoNumeric data and Stringsyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-typesyes infostring, binary, float, bool, date, geometry
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesnonoall fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLClose to SQL99, but no user access control, stored procedures and host language bindings.SQL-like query languageKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subsetno
APIs and other access methodsJavaScript APIHTTP API
JSON over UDP
Microsoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesJavaScript.Net
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
C infocommunity-supported driver
C# infocommunity-supported driver
C++ infocommunity-supported driver
Clojure infocommunity-supported driver
Dart infocommunity-supported driver
Erlang infocommunity-supported driver
Go infocommunity-supported driver
Haskell infocommunity-supported driver
Java infoofficial driver
JavaScript (Node.js) infoofficial driver
Lisp infocommunity-supported driver
Lua infocommunity-supported driver
Objective-C infocommunity-supported driver
Perl infocommunity-supported driver
PHP infocommunity-supported driver
Python infoofficial driver
Ruby infoofficial driver
Scala infocommunity-supported driver
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoYes, possible languages: KQL, Python, R
Triggersyesnoyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicyClient-side triggers through changefeeds
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoin enterprise version onlySharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding inforange based
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneselectable replication factor infoin enterprise version onlyyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayes infoonly for local storage and DOM-storagenonoAtomic single-document operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoMVCC based
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infoby using IndexedDB, SQL.JS or proprietary FileStorageyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoDepending on used storage enginenono
User concepts infoAccess controlnosimple rights management via user accountsAzure Active Directory Authenticationyes infousers and table-level permissions
More information provided by the system vendor
AlaSQLInfluxDBMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerRethinkDB
Specific characteristicsInfluxData is the creator of InfluxDB , the open source time series database. It...
» more
Azure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
» more
Competitive advantagesTime to Value An end-to-end platform, InfluxData is ready to go on the cloud or via...
» more
Kusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT & Sensor Monitoring Instrumentation of every available surface in the material...
» more
IoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
» more
Key customersInfluxData has over 630 paying customers, including IBM, PayPal, Siemens Tesla and...
» more
Microsoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, B├╝hler, Ecolab, Zoomd
» more
Market metricsFastest growing database to garnish 17,000 github stars Over 260,000 daily active...
» more
Azure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen source core with closed source clustering available either on-premise or on...
» more

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More resources
AlaSQLInfluxDBMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerRethinkDB
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