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DBMS > Adabas vs. GraphDB vs. MongoDB vs. Realm

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. GraphDB vs. MongoDB vs. Realm

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core Data
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Document storeDocument store
Secondary database modelsSearch engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.42
Rank#69  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score1.13
Rank#141  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score413.18
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score7.97
Rank#45  Overall
#8  Document stores
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlgraphdb.ontotext.comwww.mongodb.comrealm.io
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.mongodb.com/­manualrealm.io/­docs
DeveloperSoftware AGOntotextMongoDB, IncRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019
Initial release1971200020092014
Current release8.8, January 20194.2, August 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.no infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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MongoDB Atlas: Deploy a fully managed cloud database on-demand and ready for use in minutes. Available on AWS, Azure, and GCP.
Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
All OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewaySPARQL is used as query languageRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIno
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
GeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
proprietary protocol using JSON
Supported programming languagesNatural.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Actionscript infoinofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infoinofficial driver
ColdFusion infoinofficial driver
D infoinofficial driver
Dart infoinofficial driver
Delphi infoinofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infoinofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infoinofficial driver
Lua infoinofficial driver
MatLab infoinofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infoinofficial driver
Prolog infoinofficial driver
Python
R infoinofficial driver
Ruby
Scala
Smalltalk infoinofficial driver
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalJava Server PluginJavaScriptno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessary
Triggersnonoyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyes infoChange Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistanoneSharding infopartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keysnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatorMaster-master replicationMaster-slave replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoConstraint checkingno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infooptionalyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)yesAccess rights for users and rolesyes
More information provided by the system vendor
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMongoDBRealm
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
MongoDB is the leading modern, general purpose data platform, designed to unleash...
» more
Now a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
The MongoDB Data Platform can be used by developers building OLTP and analytical...
» more
Realm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Mobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Cathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
70 million downloads (growing at more than 30 thousand downloads per day). 15,000+...
» more
Used by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
Realm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more
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