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DBMS > Adabas vs. ArangoDB vs. OrientDB vs. Realm

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. ArangoDB vs. OrientDB vs. Realm

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformA multi-model DBMSMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)A DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core Data
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.34
Rank#70  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score4.87
Rank#64  Overall
#11  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
#7  Search engines
Score4.93
Rank#63  Overall
#10  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#11  Key-value stores
Score8.27
Rank#45  Overall
#8  Document stores
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlwww.arangodb.comorientdb.comrealm.io
Technical documentationwww.arangodb.com/­documentationorientdb.org/­docs/­3.0.xrealm.io/­docs
DeveloperSoftware AGArangoDB GmbH / triagens GmbHOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloudRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019
Initial release1971201220102014
Current release3.5.3, November 20193.0.23, August 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache version 2Open Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis: Built and supported by the creators of ArangoDB, Oasis provides fully hosted, managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security.
Implementation languageC, C++, JavaScriptJava
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
Linux
OS X
Raspbian
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewaynoSQL-like query language, no joinsno
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
HTTP API
JSON style queries
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesNaturalC#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalJavaScriptJava, Javascriptno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessary
TriggersnonoHooksyes infoChange Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaSharding infosince version 2.0Shardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatorMaster-slave replicationMaster-master replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptno infocould be achieved with distributed queriesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes inforelationship in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)yesAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurableyes
More information provided by the system vendor
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"ArangoDBOrientDBRealm
Specific characteristicsNow a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Competitive advantagesRealm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Typical application scenariosMobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersCathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsUsed by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRealm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more
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Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"ArangoDBOrientDBRealm
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