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DBMS > 4D vs. MaxDB vs. TigerGraph

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. MaxDB vs. TigerGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-D  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA robust and reliable RDBMS optimized to run all major SAP solutionsA complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-time
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.68
Rank#110  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score2.65
Rank#111  Overall
#55  Relational DBMS
Score1.83
Rank#141  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.4d.commaxdb.sap.comwww.tigergraph.com
Technical documentationdeveloper.4d.commaxdb.sap.com/­documentationdocs.tigergraph.com
Developer4D, IncSAP, acquired from Software AG (Adabas-D) in 1997
Initial release198419842017
Current releasev20, April 20237.9.10.12, February 2024
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoLimited community edition freecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yesSQL-like query language (GSQL)
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
WebDAV
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C#
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesyes
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access control

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-DTigerGraph
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