DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > 4D vs. Adabas vs. Realm vs. VoltDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Adabas vs. Realm vs. VoltDB

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparisonVoltDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core DataDistributed In-Memory NewSQL RDBMS infoUsed for OLTP applications with a high frequency of relatively simple transactions, that can hold all their data in memory
Primary database modelRelational DBMSMultivalue DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.85
Rank#93  Overall
#46  Relational DBMS
Score4.42
Rank#69  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score7.97
Rank#45  Overall
#8  Document stores
Score1.78
Rank#119  Overall
#59  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlrealm.iowww.voltdb.com
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comrealm.io/­docsdocs.voltdb.com
Developer4D, IncSoftware AGRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019VoltDB Inc.
Initial release1984197120142010
Current releasev17.0, July 20189.0, April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen SourceOpen Source infoAGPL for Community Edition, commercial license for Enterprise, AWS, and Pro Editions
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
BS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Linux
OS X infofor development
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewaynoyes infoonly a subset of SQL 99
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
HTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
Java API
JDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
Natural.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
C#
C++
Erlang infonot officially supported
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesin Naturalno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessaryJava
Triggersyesnoyes infoChange Listenersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistanoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatornoneMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonono infoFOREIGN KEY constraints are not supported
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID infoTransactions are executed single-threaded within stored procedures
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoData access is serialized by the server
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoSnapshots and command logging
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)yesUsers and roles with access to stored procedures
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"RealmVoltDB
Specific characteristicsNow a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Competitive advantagesRealm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Typical application scenariosMobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersCathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsUsed by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRealm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"RealmVoltDB
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Software AG: Surprisingly Strong Q3 Results - Easing Pressure On Q4
23 October 2019, Seeking Alpha

Software AG Confirms Outlook after stronger third-quarter
22 October 2019, Euronews

Software (ETR:SOW) Given a €34.00 Price Target at UBS Group
12 November 2019, Mitchell Messenger

Software (ETR:SOW) PT Set at €38.00 by Goldman Sachs Group
12 November 2019, TechNewsObserver

Australia Database Management Systems Market Report 2019 - Market Projected to Register a CAGR of More Than 11% During 2019-2024 - ResearchAndMarkets.com
31 October 2019, MDJOnline.com

provided by Google News

Paladins - Champion Teaser: Io, The Shattered Goddess
18 June 2019, GoNintendo

Realm Makes PostgreSQL Real-Time with New Connector
21 March 2017, Database Trends and Applications

Realm Receives Investment from Ericsson Ventures to Advance Development of Edge Computing Solutions
21 September 2017, Business Wire

Realm Launches Realm Mobile Platform Professional Edition to Drive Collaborative Realtime Applications
12 December 2016, Business Wire

Realm explains the benefits of real-time collaboration for mobile apps
24 October 2016, App Developer Magazine

provided by Google News

VoltDB Secures $10 Million in Series C Funding to Meet Demand for 5G Data Requirements
23 October 2019, PRNewswire

Company of the week: VoltDB
25 October 2019, PitchBook News & Analysis

VoltDB Raises $10M in Series C Funding
23 October 2019, FinSMEs

RDBMS Software Market Report 2019: Acute Analysis of Global Demand and Supply 2024 with Major Key Player: Cubrid, TmaxSoft, SQLite, Oracle, Microsoft, VoltDB & more
12 November 2019, Eastlake Times

Top tech startup news for today, Wednesday, October 23, 2019
23 October 2019, TechStartups.com

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Database Programmer - 4D (4th Dimension)
Sweetwater Sound, Fort Wayne, IN

Customer Excellence Coordinator - Montvale NJ
Flight Centre, Montvale, NJ

Systems Engineer
Parsons, Fort George G Meade, MD

Software Engineer
Parsons, Fort George G Meade, MD

Signals Software Engineer
Parsons, Fort George G Meade, MD

Software Engineer II (ADABAS & Natural)
US House Of Representatives - CAO, Washington, DC

Senior Principal Natural Programmer
Northrop Grumman, Baton Rouge, LA

Senior Software Developer/Analyst
University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX

ADABAS NATURAL Programmer
Peer Solutions Group, Columbia, SC

System Analyst
Technozant, Austin, TX

Software Engineer, iOS
Warner Bros. Entertainment Group, Philadelphia, PA

Senior Android Software Engineer
Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory (APL), Laurel, MD

Software Engineer, iOS - New York
Lyft, New York, NY

Sr. Mobile Developer
Stringbean Technologies, Valley Stream, NY

Software Engineer, iOS
Lyft, San Francisco, CA

Data Engineer – Elastic Engineer
IBM, Austin, TX

Sr Software Engineer Developer
Fidelity Investments, Durham, NC

Principal Big Data Engineer
Fidelity Investments, Boston, MA

Principal Developer
BNY Mellon, New York, NY

DevOps Engineer
TripleLift, New York, NY

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products


Datastax logo

Build data-driven applications that set the standard for performance, availability,
& scale with DataStax.
Learn more.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Redis logo

Hosted, serverless DBaaS
in 3 steps.

30MB Free!
Start now.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Present your product here