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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Elasticsearch vs. MarkLogic

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Elasticsearch vs. MarkLogic

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonMarkLogic  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricOperational and transactional Enterprise NoSQL database
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Search engineDocument store
Native XML DBMS
RDF store infoas of version 7
Search engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.63
Rank#108  Overall
#7  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score160.75
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score9.19
Rank#51  Overall
#8  Document stores
#1  Native XML DBMS
#1  RDF stores
#4  Search engines
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.marklogic.com
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourceswww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.marklogic.com
DeveloperAmazonElasticMarkLogic Corp.
Initial release201720102001
Current release7.8.0, June 20209.0, 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic Licensecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free infoSchema can be enforced
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesnoyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languageyes infoSQL92
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Java API
Node.js Client API
ODBC
proprietary Optic API infoProprietary Query API, introduced with version 9
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
WebDAV
XDBC
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesyes infovia XQuery or JavaScript
Triggersnoyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasyesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoES-Hadoop Connectoryes infovia Hadoop Connector, HDFS Direct Access and in-database MapReduce jobs
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infocan act as a resource manager in an XA/JTA transaction
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyes, with Range Indexes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Role-based access control at the document and subdocument levels

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneElasticsearchMarkLogic
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Recent citations in the news

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30 July 2021, ZDNet

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Job opportunities

Amazon Neptune, Product Leader
Amazon Dev Center U.S., Inc., Seattle, WA

Front End Engineer: Amazon Neptune Workbench
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Applied Scientist Graph Query Planning and Optimization, Amazon Neptune
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Software Dev Engineer - Amazon Neptune Platform
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Software Dev Engineer: Amazon Neptune Workbench
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