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DBMS > Amazon CloudSearch vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Google Cloud Datastore

System Properties Comparison Amazon CloudSearch vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Google Cloud Datastore

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon CloudSearch  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Datastore  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA hosted search engine service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Automatically scaling NoSQL Database as a Service (DBaaS) on the Google Cloud Platform
Primary database modelSearch engineDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.45
Rank#126  Overall
#11  Search engines
Score18.49
Rank#38  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score6.89
Rank#61  Overall
#11  Document stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­cloudsearchfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasecloud.google.com/­datastore
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­cloudsearchfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasecloud.google.com/­datastore/­docs
DeveloperAmazonGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Google
Initial release201220122008
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Server operating systemshostedhostedhosted
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes, details here
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infoall search fields are automatically indexedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like query language (GQL)
APIs and other access methodsHTTP APIAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnolimited functionality with using 'rules'using Google App Engine
TriggersnoCallbacks are triggered when data changesCallbacks using the Google Apps Engine
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes infoautomatic partitioning across Amazon Search Instance as requiredSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infomanaged transparently by AWSMulti-source replication using Paxos
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflow
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on type of query and configuration infoStrong Consistency is default for entity lookups and queries within an Entity Group (but can instead be made eventually consistent). Other queries are always eventual consistent.
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infovia ReferenceProperties or Ancestor paths
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoyesACID infoSerializable Isolation within Transactions, Read Committed outside of Transactions
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlauthentication via encrypted signaturesyes, based on authentication and database rulesAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)

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More resources
Amazon CloudSearchFirebase Realtime DatabaseGoogle Cloud Datastore
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