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DBMS > openGauss vs. TiDB vs. YDB

System Properties Comparison openGauss vs. TiDB vs. YDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameopenGauss  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparisonYDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn enterprise-class RDBMS compatible with high-performance, high-availability and high-performance originally developed by HuaweiTiDB is an open source distributed SQL database that supports Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) workloads. It is MySQL compatible and features horizontal scalability, strong consistency, and high availability.A distributed fault-tolerant database service, with high availability, scalability, immediate consistency and ACID transactions and providing an Amazon DynamoDB compatible API
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.05
Rank#189  Overall
#87  Relational DBMS
Score4.94
Rank#72  Overall
#40  Relational DBMS
Score0.34
Rank#285  Overall
#43  Document stores
#130  Relational DBMS
Websitegitee.com/­opengauss
opengauss.org
pingcap.comgithub.com/­ydb-platform/­ydb
ydb.tech
Technical documentationdocs.opengauss.org/­en
gitee.com/­opengauss/­docs
docs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stableydb.tech/­en/­docs
DeveloperHuawei and openGauss communityPingCAP, Inc.Yandex
Initial release201920162019
Current release3.0, March 20227.6.0, January 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0; commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageC, C++, JavaGo, Rust
Server operating systemsLinuxLinuxLinux
Data schemeyesyesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLANSI SQL 2011yesSQL-like query language (YQL)
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
GORM
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
SQLAlchemy
RESTful HTTP API (DynamoDB compatible)
Supported programming languagesC
C++
Java
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnono
Triggersyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by range, list and hash)horizontal partitioning (by key range)Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.Active-passive shard replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infowith TiSpark Connectorno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infofull support since version 6.6no
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standardFine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights defined for Yandex Cloud users
More information provided by the system vendor
openGaussTiDBYDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an advanced open-source, distributed SQL database for modern application...
» more
Competitive advantages- HORIZONTAL SCALING : TiDB grants total transparency into your data workloads without...
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Typical application scenariosTiDB is ideal for transactional applications that require extreme scalability and...
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Key customersBlock, Pinterest, Catalyst, Bolt, Flipkart, Capcom, Shopee (E-commerce), JD Cloud...
» more
Market metrics34K+ GitHub stars 5K+ members in TiDB Community Slack 1K+ community contributors...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsTiDB Community : Free open source software (Apache 2.0) TiDB Self-Hosted : Enterprise...
» more

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More resources
openGaussTiDBYDB
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1 July 2020, huawei.com

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