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DBMS > TiDB vs. Vertica

System Properties Comparison TiDB vs. Vertica

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Our visitors often compare TiDB and Vertica with ClickHouse, Snowflake and Microsoft SQL Server.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameTiDB  Xexclude from comparisonVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.Cloud or on-premises analytical database and query engine for structured and semi-structured streaming and batch data. Machine learning platform with built-in algorithms, data preparation capabilities, and model evaluation and management via SQL or Python.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoColumn oriented
Secondary database modelsDocument storeSpatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.54
Rank#93  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
Score19.29
Rank#38  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Websitepingcap.comwww.vertica.com
Technical documentationdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stablevertica.com/­documentation
DeveloperPingCAP, Inc.Micro Focus infoprior to that Hewlett Packard
Initial release20162005
Current release5.0.1, April 202111.1, February 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial infoLimited community edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoon-premises, all major clouds - Amazon AWS, Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud Platform and containers
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.Vertica Accelerator’s high-performance analytics and machine learning with SQL or Python is available as a managed service.
Implementation languageGo, RustC++
Server operating systemsLinuxLinux
Data schemeyesyes, but unstructured data can be stored in specific Flex-Tables
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes: BINARY, BOOLEAN, CHAR, VARCHAR, LONG VARCHAR, DATE, TIME, TIMESTAMP, INTERVAL, INTERVAL DAY TO SECOND, INTERVAL YEAR TO MONTH, DOUBLE PRECISION, FLOAT, INTEGER, BIGINT, SMALLINT,NUMERIC, DECIMAL, NUMBER, MONEY,GEOMETRY
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesNo Indexes Required
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesFull 1999 standard plus machine learning, time series and geospatial. Over 650 functions.
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
ADO.NET
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spark Connector
vSQL infocharacter-based, interactive, front-end utility
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes, PostgreSQL PL/pgSQL, with minor differences
Triggersnoyes, called Custom Alerts
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by key range)horizontal partitioning, hierarchical partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.Multi-source replication infoOne, or more copies of data replicated across nodes, or object-store used for repository.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infowith TiSpark Connectorno infoBi-directional Spark integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infocurrently only supported in syntaxyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard; supports Kerberos, LDAP, Ident and hash
More information provided by the system vendor
TiDBVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
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Deploy-anywhere database for large-scale analytical deployments. Deploy on-premises,...
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Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
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Fast, scalable and capable of high concurrency. Separation of compute/storage leverages...
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Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
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Communication and network analytics, Embedded analytics, Fraud monitoring and Risk...
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Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Abiba Systems, Adform, adMarketplace, AmeriPride, Anritsu, AOL, Avito, Auckland Transport,...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
Cost-based models and subscription-based models are both available. One license is...
» more
News

TiDB Operator Source Code Reading (V): Backup and Restore
14 December 2021

Implementing Chaos Engineering in K8s: Chaos Mesh Principle Analysis and Control Plane Development
9 December 2021

TiDB 5.3: Delivering Enhancements for Data Intensive Applications
7 December 2021

Believe in the Multiplicative Power of Openness
30 November 2021

How to Connect TiDB Cloud to Metabase
24 November 2021

Related products and services

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More resources
TiDBVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
Recent citations in the news

PingCap brings TiDB distributed SQL HTAP database to cloud
11 May 2022, TechTarget

Takuya Hirano Joins PingCAP as an Executive Advisor
19 May 2022, PR Newswire

PingCAP Enhances Support for Data Intensive Applications with TiDB 5.3
7 December 2021, PR Newswire

PingCap TiDB 5.3 Supports Both High Volume Transaction Processing and Real-Time Analytics
4 January 2022, Database Trends and Applications

PingCAP Introduces its New Developer Tier to Boost Application Innovation with TiDB Cloud
9 November 2021, PR Newswire

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