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DBMS > Teradata Aster vs. TigerGraph vs. TinkerGraph vs. TypeDB

System Properties Comparison Teradata Aster vs. TigerGraph vs. TinkerGraph vs. TypeDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameTeradata Aster  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparisonTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn  Xexclude from comparison
Teradata Aster has been integrated into other Teradata systems and therefore will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionPlatform for big data analytics on multistructured data sources and typesA complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-timeA lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 APITypeDB is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.88
Rank#123  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
Score0.18
Rank#292  Overall
#25  Graph DBMS
Score0.81
Rank#192  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#94  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.tigergraph.comtinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlingrakn.ai
Technical documentationdocs.tigergraph.comdocs.vaticle.com
DeveloperTeradataGrakn Labs / Vaticle
Initial release2005201720092016
Current release2.0, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++JavaJava
Server operating systemsLinuxLinuxLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free) infodefined schema within the relational store; partial schema or schema free in the Aster File Storeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infoin Aster File Storenonono
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like query language (GSQL)nono
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
TinkerPop 3console (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Java
Python
R
C++
Java
Groovy
Java
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresR packagesyesnono
Triggersnononono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneSharding infoby using Cassandra
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoDimension tables are replicated across all nodes in the cluster. The number of replicas for the file store can be configured.noneMulti-source replication infoby using Cassandra
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoSQL Map-Reduce Frameworkyesnoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeper
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationnoneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphsno infosubstituted by the relationship feature
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesnoyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesoptionalyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access controlnoyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progress
More information provided by the system vendor
Teradata AsterTigerGraphTinkerGraphTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
Specific characteristicsTigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Grakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
Competitive advantagesTigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
Expressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
Typical application scenariosAnti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Life sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Key customersFour out of the top five global banks use TigerGraph for real-time fraud detection....
» more
Market metricsANALYST RESEARCH Nov 2020: TigerGraph Named A Leader For Graph Data Platforms - TigerGraph...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsTry TigerGraph for Free in the Cloud or On Prem https://www.tigergraph.com/get-tigergraph/...
» more
AGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more

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More resources
Teradata AsterTigerGraphTinkerGraphTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
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