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DBMS > Teradata Aster vs. TiDB vs. TigerGraph vs. TinkerGraph

System Properties Comparison Teradata Aster vs. TiDB vs. TigerGraph vs. TinkerGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameTeradata Aster  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
Teradata Aster has been integrated into other Teradata systems and therefore will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionPlatform for big data analytics on multistructured data sources and typesTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.A complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-timeA lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 API
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.49
Rank#107  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score1.88
Rank#123  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
Score0.18
Rank#292  Overall
#25  Graph DBMS
Websitepingcap.comwww.tigergraph.comtinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlin
Technical documentationdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stabledocs.tigergraph.com
DeveloperTeradataPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release2005201620172009
Current release5.0.1, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageGo, RustC++Java
Server operating systemsLinuxLinuxLinux
Data schemeFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free) infodefined schema within the relational store; partial schema or schema free in the Aster File Storeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infoin Aster File Storenonono
Secondary indexesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesSQL-like query language (GSQL)no
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Java
Python
R
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C++
Java
Groovy
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresR packagesnoyesno
Triggersnononono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning (by key range)none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoDimension tables are replicated across all nodes in the cluster. The number of replicas for the file store can be configured.Using Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoSQL Map-Reduce Frameworkyes infowith TiSpark Connectoryesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infocurrently only supported in syntaxyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesno
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesoptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.Role-based access controlno
More information provided by the system vendor
Teradata AsterTiDBTigerGraphTinkerGraph
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
TigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
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TigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
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Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Anti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Four out of the top five global banks use TigerGraph for real-time fraud detection....
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
ANALYST RESEARCH Nov 2020: TigerGraph Named A Leader For Graph Data Platforms - TigerGraph...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
Try TigerGraph for Free in the Cloud or On Prem https://www.tigergraph.com/get-tigergraph/...
» more
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Teradata AsterTiDBTigerGraphTinkerGraph
Recent citations in the news

An overview of the Teradata Aster Analytics platform - TechTarget
31 May 2017, TechTarget

Teradata Aster Analytics Going Places: On Hadoop and AWS
24 August 2016, PR Newswire

Teradata platform helps big-data analysts ask the right questions
23 October 2013, GCN.com

Teradata ports Aster analytics to Hadoop
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11 September 2018, TechCrunch

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