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DBMS > Snowflake vs. XTDB

System Properties Comparison Snowflake vs. XTDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameSnowflake  Xexclude from comparisonXTDB infoformerly named Crux  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured dataA general purpose database with bitemporal SQL and Datalog and graph queries
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score127.45
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score0.22
Rank#326  Overall
#46  Document stores
Websitewww.snowflake.comgithub.com/­xtdb/­xtdb
www.xtdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.htmlwww.xtdb.com/­docs
DeveloperSnowflake Computing Inc.Juxt Ltd.
Initial release20142019
Current release1.19, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMIT License
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageClojure
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java 8 (and higher) VM
Linux
Data schemeyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)schema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes, extensible-data-notation format
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyeslimited SQL, making use of Apache Calcite
APIs and other access methodsCLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
HTTP REST
JDBC
Supported programming languagesJavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Clojure
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsno
Triggersno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resourcesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes, each node contains all data
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes, flexibel persistency by using storage technologies like Apache Kafka, RocksDB or LMDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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More resources
SnowflakeXTDB infoformerly named Crux
DB-Engines blog posts

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2022, defending the title from last year
3 January 2023, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

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