DBMS > Snowflake vs. XTDB
System Properties Comparison Snowflake vs. XTDB
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
|Snowflake Xexclude from comparison
|XTDB formerly named Crux Xexclude from comparison
|Cloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
|A general purpose database with bitemporal SQL and Datalog and graph queries
|Primary database model
|Snowflake Computing Inc.
|1.19, September 2021
|License Commercial or Open Source
|Open Source MIT License
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service
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|Server operating systems
|All OS with a Java 8 (and higher) VM
|yes support of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date
|yes, extensible-data-notation format
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.
|SQL Support of SQL
|limited SQL, making use of Apache Calcite
|APIs and other access methods
|Supported programming languages
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures
|user defined functions
|no similar concept for controling cloud resources
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes
|yes, each node contains all data
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system
|Foreign keys Referential integrity
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data
|Durability Support for making data persistent
|yes, flexibel persistency by using storage technologies like Apache Kafka, RocksDB or LMDB
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.
|User concepts Access control
|Users with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication
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|XTDB formerly named Crux
|DB-Engines blog posts
Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2022, defending the title from last year
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