DBMS > Snowflake vs. TiDB
System Properties Comparison Snowflake vs. TiDB
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||Snowflake Xexclude from comparison||TiDB Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Cloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data||TiDB is an open source distributed SQL database that supports Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) workloads. It is MySQL compatible and features horizontal scalability, strong consistency, and high availability.|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Developer||Snowflake Computing Inc.||PingCAP, Inc.|
|Current release||7.3.0, August 2023|
|License Commercial or Open Source||commercial||Open Source Apache 2.0|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||yes||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.|
|Implementation language||Go, Rust|
|Server operating systems||hosted||Linux|
|Data scheme||yes support of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)||yes|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes||yes|
|APIs and other access methods||CLI Client|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||user defined functions||no|
|Triggers||no similar concept for controling cloud resources||no|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||yes||horizontal partitioning (by key range)|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||yes||Using Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||yes with TiSpark Connector|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes||yes full support since version 6.6|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||no||no|
|User concepts Access control||Users with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication||Fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard|
|More information provided by the system vendor|
|Specific characteristics||TiDB is an advanced open-source, distributed SQL database for modern application...|
|Competitive advantages||- HORIZONTAL SCALING : TiDB grants total transparency into your data workloads without...|
|Typical application scenarios||TiDB is ideal for transactional applications that require extreme scalability and...|
|Key customers||Block, Pinterest, Catalyst, Bolt, Capcom, Shopee (E-commerce), JD Cloud & AI (Cloud...|
|Market metrics||34K+ GitHub stars 5K+ members in TiDB Community Slack 1K+ community contributors...|
|Licensing and pricing models||TiDB Community : Free open source software (Apache 2.0) TiDB Self-Hosted : Enterprise...|
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|3rd parties||CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.|
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|DB-Engines blog posts|
Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2022, defending the title from last year
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