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DBMS > Snowflake vs. TerarkDB vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison Snowflake vs. TerarkDB vs. Virtuoso

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameSnowflake  Xexclude from comparisonTerarkDB  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured dataA key-value store forked from RocksDB with advanced compression algorithms. It can be used standalone or as a storage engine for MySQL and MongoDBVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score136.53
Rank#7  Overall
#5  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#378  Overall
#59  Key-value stores
Score3.98
Rank#72  Overall
#13  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#2  Native XML DBMS
#39  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
#9  Search engines
Websitewww.snowflake.comgithub.com/­bytedance/­terarkdbvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.htmlbytedance.larkoffice.com/­docs/­doccnZmYFqHBm06BbvYgjsHHcKcdocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperSnowflake Computing Inc.ByteDance, originally TerarkOpenLink Software
Initial release201420161998
Current release7.2.11, September 2023
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted open source version availableOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C
Server operating systemshostedAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)schema-freeyes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes
Secondary indexesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsCLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
C++ API
Java API
ADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesJavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C++
Java
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsnoyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resourcesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesnoneyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnoneChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationnoFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
SnowflakeTerarkDBVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsVirtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesPerformance & Scale โ€” as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosUsed for โ€” Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersBroad use across enterprises and governments including โ€” European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsLargest installed-base โ€‹of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAvailable in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more

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More resources
SnowflakeTerarkDBVirtuoso
DB-Engines blog posts

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2022, defending the title from last year
3 January 2023, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

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Recent citations in the news

Hackers Detail How They Allegedly Stole Ticketmaster Data From Snowflake
17 June 2024, WIRED

Neiman Marcus confirms data breach after Snowflake account hack
25 June 2024, BleepingComputer

Decoding the chess moves of Snowflake and Databricks
22 June 2024, SiliconANGLE News

Snowflake Breach Exposes 165 Customers' Data in Ongoing Extortion Campaign
11 June 2024, The Hacker News

Live Nation confirms Ticketmaster was hacked, says personal information stolen in data breach
31 May 2024, TechCrunch

provided by Google News



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