DBMS > Snowflake vs. Spark SQL vs. TiDB
System Properties Comparison Snowflake vs. Spark SQL vs. TiDB
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||Snowflake Xexclude from comparison||Spark SQL Xexclude from comparison||TiDB Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Cloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data||Spark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing||TiDB is an open source distributed SQL database that supports Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) workloads. It is MySQL compatible and features horizontal scalability, strong consistency, and high availability.|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Developer||Snowflake Computing Inc.||Apache Software Foundation||PingCAP, Inc.|
|Current release||3.4.0 ( 2.13), April 2023||7.0.0, March 2023|
|License Commercial or Open Source||commercial||Open Source Apache 2.0||Open Source Apache 2.0|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||yes||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.|
|Implementation language||Scala||Go, Rust|
|Server operating systems||hosted||Linux|
|Data scheme||yes support of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)||yes||yes|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes||no||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes||SQL-like DML and DDL statements||yes|
|APIs and other access methods||CLI Client|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||user defined functions||no||no|
|Triggers||no similar concept for controling cloud resources||no||no|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||yes||yes, utilizing Spark Core||horizontal partitioning (by key range)|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||yes||none||Using Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||yes with TiSpark Connector|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes||no||yes full support since version 6.6|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||no||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||no||no||no|
|User concepts Access control||Users with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication||no||Fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard|
|More information provided by the system vendor|
|Specific characteristics||TiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...|
|Competitive advantages||In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...|
|Typical application scenarios||TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...|
|Key customers||Shopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...|
|Market metrics||25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...|
|Licensing and pricing models||Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...|
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|Related products and services|
|3rd parties||SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.|
CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.
|DB-Engines blog posts|
Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2022, defending the title from last year Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
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BI Developer II
Database Reliability Engineer
Specialist, Data Engineer/Database Administrator (Snowflake or Teradata)
Spark SQL Developer/Engineer
Spark (Databricks) Engineer – All Levels (REMOTE)
Data Scientist I/II
Jr data engineer
Entry Level to Senior Level Software Developers
Sales Development Representative (SDR)
Sales Account Executive Bay Area - Remote
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Senior Data Engineer
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