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DBMS > Snowflake vs. SpaceTime vs. Sqrrl

System Properties Comparison Snowflake vs. SpaceTime vs. Sqrrl

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameSnowflake  Xexclude from comparisonSpaceTime  Xexclude from comparisonSqrrl  Xexclude from comparison
Sqrrl has been acquired by Amazon and became a part of Amazon Web Services. It has been removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured dataSpaceTime is a spatio-temporal DBMS with a focus on performance.Adaptable, secure NoSQL built on Apache Accumulo
Primary database modelRelational DBMSSpatial DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score123.20
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#396  Overall
#8  Spatial DBMS
Websitewww.snowflake.comwww.mireo.com/­spacetimesqrrl.com
Technical documentationdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperSnowflake Computing Inc.MireoAmazon infooriginally Sqrrl Data, Inc.
Initial release201420202012
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++Java
Server operating systemshostedLinuxLinux
Data schemeyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)yesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesA subset of ANSI SQL is implementedno
APIs and other access methodsCLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP APIAccumulo Shell
Java API
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
Supported programming languagesJavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C#
C++
Python
Actionscript
C infousing GLib
C#
C++
Cocoa
Delphi
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsnono
Triggersno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resourcesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesFixed-grid hypercubesSharding infomaking use of Hadoop
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesReal-time block device replication (DRBD)selectable replication factor infomaking use of Hadoop
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infoDocument store kept consistent with combination of global timestamping, row-level transactions, and server-side consistency resolution.
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoAtomic updates per row, document, or graph entity
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationyesCell-level Security, Data-Centric Security, Role-Based Access Control (RBAC), Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC)

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More resources
SnowflakeSpaceTimeSqrrl
DB-Engines blog posts

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2022, defending the title from last year
3 January 2023, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

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Amazon acquires cybersecurity startup Sqrrl
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Amazon's cloud business acquires Sqrrl, a security start-up with NSA roots
23 January 2018, CNBC

AWS beefs up threat detection with Sqrrl acquisition
24 January 2018, TechCrunch

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