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DBMS > SingleStore vs. Spark SQL vs. YugabyteDB

System Properties Comparison SingleStore vs. Spark SQL vs. YugabyteDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparisonYugabyteDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMySQL wire-compliant distributed RDBMS that combines an in-memory row-oriented and a disc-based column-oriented storage with patented universal storage to handle transactional and analytical workloads in one single table typeSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processingHigh-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire and feature compatible with PostgreSQL.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Vector DBMS
Document store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score6.11
Rank#65  Overall
#37  Relational DBMS
Score19.78
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score3.37
Rank#104  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.singlestore.comspark.apache.org/­sqlwww.yugabyte.com
Technical documentationdocs.singlestore.comspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.htmldocs.yugabyte.com
github.com/­yugabyte/­yugabyte-db
DeveloperSingleStore Inc.Apache Software FoundationYugabyte Inc.
Initial release201320142017
Current release8.5, January 20243.5.0 ( 2.13), September 20232.19, September 2023
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree developer edition availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SingleStoreDB Cloud: The world's fastest, modern cloud database for both operational (OLTP) and analytical (OLAP) workloads. Available instantly with multi-cloud and hybrid-cloud capabilitiesYugabyteDB Managed is the fully managed database-as-a-service offering of YugabyteDB. Get started quickly, and effortlessly ensure continuous availability and limitless scale of your cloud native applications.
Implementation languageC++, GoScalaC and C++
Server operating systemsLinux info64 bit version requiredLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemeyesyesdepending on used data model
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infobut no triggers and foreign keysSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes, PostgreSQL compatible
APIs and other access methodsCluster Management API infoas HTTP Rest and CLI
HTTP API
JDBC
MongoDB API
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
YCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language
YSQL - a fully relational SQL API that is wire compatible with the SQL language in PostgreSQL
Supported programming languagesBash
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Java
Python
R
Scala
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyes infosql, plpgsql, C
Triggersnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infohash partitioningyes, utilizing Spark CoreHash and Range Sharding, row-level geo-partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infostores two copies of each physical data partition on two separate nodesnoneBased on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan define user-defined aggregate functions for map-reduce-style calculationsno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyStrong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoDistributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infoAll updates are persistent, including those to disk-based columnstores and memory-based row stores. Transaction commits are supported via write-ahead log.yesyes infobased on RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlFine grained access control via users, groups and rolesnoyes
More information provided by the system vendor
SingleStore infoformer name was MemSQLSpark SQLYugabyteDB
Specific characteristicsSingleStore offers a fully-managed , distributed, highly-scalable SQL database designed...
» more
YugabyteDB is an open source distributed SQL database for cloud native transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesSingleStore’s competitive advantages include: Easy and Simplified Architecture with...
» more
PostgreSQL compatible: Get instantly productive with a PostgreSQL compatible RDBMS....
» more
Typical application scenariosDriving Fast Analytics: SingleStore delivers the fastest and most scalable reporting...
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Systems of record and engagement for cloud native applications that require resilience,...
» more
Key customersIEX Cloud : Improves Financial Data Distribution Speed 15x with Singlestore DB Comcast,...
» more
Market metricsCustomers in various industries worldwide including US and International Industry...
» more
2 Million+ lifetime clusters deployed, 6.5K+ GitHub stars, 7K YugabyteDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsF ree Tier and Enterprise Edition
» more
Apache 2.0 license for the database
» more

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More resources
SingleStore infoformer name was MemSQLSpark SQLYugabyteDB
DB-Engines blog posts

Turbocharge Your Application Development Using WebAssembly With SingleStoreDB
17 October 2022,  Akmal Chaudhri, SingleStore (sponsor) 

Cloud-Based Analytics With SingleStoreDB
9 June 2022,  Akmal Chaudhri, SingleStore (sponsor) 

SingleStore: The Increasing Momentum of Multi-Model Database Systems
14 February 2022,  Akmal Chaudhri, SingleStore (sponsor) 

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