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DBMS > SingleStore vs. Spark SQL vs. Vertica

System Properties Comparison SingleStore vs. Spark SQL vs. Vertica

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparisonVertica infoOpenText™ Vertica™  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMySQL wire-compliant distributed RDBMS that combines an in-memory row-oriented and a disc-based column-oriented storage with patented universal storage to handle transactional and analytical workloads in one single table typeSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processingCloud or off-cloud analytical database and query engine for structured and semi-structured streaming and batch data. Machine learning platform with built-in algorithms, data preparation capabilities, and model evaluation and management via SQL or Python.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoColumn oriented
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Vector DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score6.11
Rank#65  Overall
#37  Relational DBMS
Score19.78
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score12.46
Rank#45  Overall
#28  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.singlestore.comspark.apache.org/­sqlwww.vertica.com
Technical documentationdocs.singlestore.comspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.htmlvertica.com/­documentation
DeveloperSingleStore Inc.Apache Software FoundationOpenText infopreviously Micro Focus and Hewlett Packard
Initial release201320142005
Current release8.5, January 20243.5.0 ( 2.13), September 202312.0.3, January 2023
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree developer edition availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial infoLimited community edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoon-premises, all major clouds - Amazon AWS, Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud Platform and containers
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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SingleStoreDB Cloud: The world's fastest, modern cloud database for both operational (OLTP) and analytical (OLAP) workloads. Available instantly with multi-cloud and hybrid-cloud capabilities
Implementation languageC++, GoScalaC++
Server operating systemsLinux info64 bit version requiredLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyesYes, but also semi-structure/unstructured data storage, and complex hierarchical data (like Parquet) stored and/or queried.
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesnoNo Indexes Required. Different internal optimization strategy, but same functionality included.
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infobut no triggers and foreign keysSQL-like DML and DDL statementsFull 1999 standard plus machine learning, time series and geospatial. Over 650 functions.
APIs and other access methodsCluster Management API infoas HTTP Rest and CLI
HTTP API
JDBC
MongoDB API
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spark Connector
vSQL infocharacter-based, interactive, front-end utility
Supported programming languagesBash
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Java
Python
R
Scala
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyes, PostgreSQL PL/pgSQL, with minor differences
Triggersnonoyes, called Custom Alerts
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infohash partitioningyes, utilizing Spark Corehorizontal partitioning, hierarchical partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infostores two copies of each physical data partition on two separate nodesnoneMulti-source replication infoOne, or more copies of data replicated across nodes, or object-store used for repository.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan define user-defined aggregate functions for map-reduce-style calculationsno infoBi-directional Spark integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infoAll updates are persistent, including those to disk-based columnstores and memory-based row stores. Transaction commits are supported via write-ahead log.yesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlFine grained access control via users, groups and rolesnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard; supports Kerberos, LDAP, Ident and hash
More information provided by the system vendor
SingleStore infoformer name was MemSQLSpark SQLVertica infoOpenText™ Vertica™
Specific characteristicsSingleStore offers a fully-managed , distributed, highly-scalable SQL database designed...
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Deploy-anywhere database for large-scale analytical deployments. Deploy off-cloud,...
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Competitive advantagesSingleStore’s competitive advantages include: Easy and Simplified Architecture with...
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Fast, scalable, and capable of high concurrency. Separation of compute/storage leverages...
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Typical application scenariosDriving Fast Analytics: SingleStore delivers the fastest and most scalable reporting...
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Communication and network analytics, Embedded analytics, Fraud monitoring and Risk...
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Key customersIEX Cloud : Improves Financial Data Distribution Speed 15x with Singlestore DB Comcast,...
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Abiba Systems, Adform, adMarketplace, AmeriPride, Anritsu, AOL, Avito, Auckland Transport,...
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Market metricsCustomers in various industries worldwide including US and International Industry...
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Licensing and pricing modelsF ree Tier and Enterprise Edition
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Cost-based models and subscription-based models are both available. One license is...
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More resources
SingleStore infoformer name was MemSQLSpark SQLVertica infoOpenText™ Vertica™
DB-Engines blog posts

Turbocharge Your Application Development Using WebAssembly With SingleStoreDB
17 October 2022,  Akmal Chaudhri, SingleStore (sponsor) 

Cloud-Based Analytics With SingleStoreDB
9 June 2022,  Akmal Chaudhri, SingleStore (sponsor) 

SingleStore: The Increasing Momentum of Multi-Model Database Systems
14 February 2022,  Akmal Chaudhri, SingleStore (sponsor) 

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