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DBMS > Sequoiadb vs. Spark SQL vs. TinkerGraph vs. Transbase vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison Sequoiadb vs. Spark SQL vs. TinkerGraph vs. Transbase vs. Virtuoso

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameSequoiadb  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparisonTransbase  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionNewSQL database with distributed OLTP and SQLSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processingA lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 APIA resource-optimized, high-performance, universally applicable RDBMSVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelDocument store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSGraph DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.42
Rank#250  Overall
#38  Document stores
#117  Relational DBMS
Score22.94
Rank#34  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Score0.12
Rank#306  Overall
#29  Graph DBMS
Score0.08
Rank#310  Overall
#139  Relational DBMS
Score5.37
Rank#73  Overall
#10  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#2  Native XML DBMS
#40  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
#8  Search engines
Websitewww.sequoiadb.comspark.apache.org/­sqltinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlinwww.transaction.de/­en/­solutions/­transbase-resource-optimized-high-performance-databasevirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationwww.sequoiadb.com/­en/­index.php?m=Files&a=indexspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.htmlwww.transaction.de/­en/­transbase-insidedocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperSequoiadb Ltd.Apache Software FoundationTransaction Software GmbHOpenLink Software
Initial release20132014200919871998
Current release3.2.0, October 2021Transbase 8.4, September 202008.03.3316, March 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoServer: AGPL; Client: Apache V2Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0commercial infofree development licenseOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++ScalaJavaC and C++C
Server operating systemsLinuxLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeyesyes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infooid, date, timestamp, binary, regexyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononoyes
Secondary indexesyesnonoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageSQL-like DML and DDL statementsnoyesyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol using JSONJDBC
ODBC
TinkerPop 3ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languages.Net
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Java
Python
R
Scala
Groovy
Java
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Kotlin
Objective-C
PHP
Python
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptnonoyesyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersnononoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyes, utilizing Spark Corenoneyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationnonenoneSource-replica replicationChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencynoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoRelationships in graphsyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataDocument is locked during a transactionnonoyesACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesnoyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesoptionalyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlsimple password-based access controlnonofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
SequoiadbSpark SQLTinkerGraphTransbaseVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsVirtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesPerformance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosUsed for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersBroad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsLargest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAvailable in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more

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3rd partiesSQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
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More resources
SequoiadbSpark SQLTinkerGraphTransbaseVirtuoso
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