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DBMS > Snowflake vs. SQLite vs. ToroDB

System Properties Comparison Snowflake vs. SQLite vs. ToroDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameSnowflake  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparison
ToroDB seems to be discontinued. Therefore it is excluded from the DB-Engines Ranking.
DescriptionCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured dataWidely used embeddable, in-process RDBMSA MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score130.36
Rank#8  Overall
#5  Relational DBMS
Score111.41
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.snowflake.comwww.sqlite.orggithub.com/­torodb/­server
Technical documentationdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.htmlwww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperSnowflake Computing Inc.Dwayne Richard Hipp8Kdata
Initial release201420002016
Current release3.46.0  (23 May 2024), May 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoPublic DomainOpen Source infoAGPL-V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJava
Server operating systemshostedserver-lessAll OS with a Java 7 VM
Data schemeyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)yes infodynamic column typesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.yes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsCLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesJavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsno
Triggersno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resourcesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnoneSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infovia file-system locksyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationnoAccess rights for users and roles

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Related products and services
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More resources
SnowflakeSQLiteToroDB
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Recent citations in the news

The Snowflake Attack May Be Turning Into One of the Largest Data Breaches Ever
6 June 2024, WIRED

Hackers steal “significant volume” of data from hundreds of Snowflake customers
10 June 2024, Ars Technica

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