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DBMS > etcd vs. SQL.JS vs. SQLite vs. Stardog vs. Titan

System Properties Comparison etcd vs. SQL.JS vs. SQLite vs. Stardog vs. Titan

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Nameetcd  Xexclude from comparisonSQL.JS  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonTitan  Xexclude from comparison
Titan has been decommisioned after the takeover by Datastax. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking. A fork has been open-sourced as JanusGraph.
DescriptionA distributed reliable key-value storePort of SQLite to JavaScriptWidely used embeddable, in-process RDBMSEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualizationTitan is a Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters.
Primary database modelKey-value storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score10.31
Rank#48  Overall
#6  Key-value stores
Score0.96
Rank#177  Overall
#85  Relational DBMS
Score138.87
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score1.66
Rank#138  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websiteetcd.io
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd
sql.js.orgwww.sqlite.orgwww.stardog.comtitan.thinkaurelius.com
Technical documentationetcd.io/­docs
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd/­tree/­master/­Documentation
sql.js.org/­documentation/­index.htmlwww.sqlite.org/­docs.htmldocs.stardog.comgithub.com/­thinkaurelius/­titan/­wiki
DeveloperAlon Zakai infoenhancements implemented by othersDwayne Richard HippStardog-UnionAurelius, owned by DataStax
Initial release2012200020102012
Current release3.4, August 20193.39.1  (13 July 2022), July 20227.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open SourceOpen Source infoPublic Domaincommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentsOpen Source infoApache license, version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoJavaScriptCJavaJava
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Windows infoexperimental
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)server-lessLinux
macOS
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes infodynamic column typesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.yesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesnoyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatialyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supportedyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supportedYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Serverno
APIs and other access methodsgRPC
JSON over HTTP
JavaScript APIADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Tcl
JavaScriptActionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Clojure
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnononouser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Javayes
Triggersyes, watching key changesnoyesyes infovia event handlersyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonenoneyes infovia pluggable storage backends
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.nonenoneMulti-source replication in HA-Clusteryes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononoyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engine
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency in HA-ClusterEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesyes inforelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graph
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infovia file-system locksyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesno infoexcept by serializing a db to a fileyesyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcast
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnononoAccess rights for users and rolesUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph Server
More information provided by the system vendor
etcdSQL.JSSQLiteStardogTitan
Specific characteristicsStardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesStardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosStardog is frequently used for: Supply chain optimization Operational Risk Digital...
» more
Key customersBosch, NASA, Boehringer Ingelheim, Morgan Stanley, Schneider Electric, FINRA and...
» more
Market metricsStardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsYou can start for free! A fully-featured license is available for those testing Stardog:...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
etcdSQL.JSSQLiteStardogTitan
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