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DBMS > SAP IQ vs. Spark SQL vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison SAP IQ vs. Spark SQL vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionColumnar RDBMS optimized for Big Data analyticsSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processingTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infocolumn-orientedRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.99
Rank#76  Overall
#42  Relational DBMS
Score23.33
Rank#33  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score3.23
Rank#99  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.sap.com/­products/­sybase-iq-big-data-management.htmlspark.apache.org/­sqlpingcap.com
Technical documentationhelp.sap.com/­iqspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.htmldocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperSAP, formerly SybaseApache Software FoundationPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release199420142016
Current release16.1 SPS04, April 20193.2.0, October 20215.0.1, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageScalaGo, Rust
Server operating systemsAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Java
Python
R
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnono
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesshared disk or shared nothing architectures with SAP IQ Multiplexeryes, utilizing Spark Corehorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSAP/Sybase Replication ServernoneUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsHadoop integrationyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
SAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQSpark SQLTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
News

How to Connect TiDB Cloud to Metabase
24 November 2021

KubeCon 2021 Q&A: PingCAP Recaps the Event and Explores Its HTAP Database
16 November 2021

How to Troubleshoot RocksDB Write Stalls in TiKV
12 November 2021

PingCAP Introduces Its New Developer Tier to Boost Application Innovation with TiDB Cloud
9 November 2021

TiDB Cloud Introduces Developer Tier
9 November 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesSQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
SAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQSpark SQLTiDB
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