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DBMS > openGauss vs. RocksDB vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison openGauss vs. RocksDB vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameopenGauss  Xexclude from comparisonRocksDB  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn enterprise-class RDBMS compatible with high-performance, high-availability and high-performance originally developed by HuaweiEmbeddable persistent key-value store optimized for fast storage (flash and RAM)TiDB is an open source distributed SQL database that supports Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) workloads. It is MySQL compatible and features horizontal scalability, strong consistency, and high availability.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.38
Rank#177  Overall
#83  Relational DBMS
Score4.52
Rank#83  Overall
#10  Key-value stores
Score4.85
Rank#80  Overall
#43  Relational DBMS
Websitegitee.com/­opengauss
opengauss.org
rocksdb.orgpingcap.com
Technical documentationdocs.opengauss.org/­en
gitee.com/­opengauss/­docs
github.com/­facebook/­rocksdb/­wikidocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperHuawei and openGauss communityFacebook, Inc.PingCAP, Inc.
Initial release201920132016
Current release3.0, March 20228.10.0, December 20237.6.0, January 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen SourceOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageC, C++, JavaC++Go, Rust
Server operating systemsLinuxLinuxLinux
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLANSI SQL 2011noyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
C++ API
Java API
GORM
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
SQLAlchemy
Supported programming languagesC
C++
Java
C
C++
Go
Java
Perl
Python
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnono
Triggersyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by range, list and hash)horizontal partitioninghorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationyesUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes infofull support since version 6.6
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyesACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standardnoFine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
openGaussRocksDBTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an advanced open-source, distributed SQL database for modern application...
» more
Competitive advantages- HORIZONTAL SCALING : TiDB grants total transparency into your data workloads without...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is ideal for transactional applications that require extreme scalability and...
» more
Key customersBlock, Pinterest, Catalyst, Bolt, Flipkart, Capcom, Shopee (E-commerce), JD Cloud...
» more
Market metrics34K+ GitHub stars 5K+ members in TiDB Community Slack 1K+ community contributors...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsTiDB Community : Free open source software (Apache 2.0) TiDB Self-Hosted : Enterprise...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesSpeedb: A high performance RocksDB-compliant key-value store optimized for write-intensive workloads.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
openGaussRocksDBTiDB
Recent citations in the news

openGauss Open Source Community Officially Launch
1 July 2020, Huawei

The openGauss powers database industry forward through innovation
6 January 2022, Global Times

About HUAWEI Open Source
9 February 2022, Huawei

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Intel Linux Optimizations Help AMD EPYC "Genoa" Improve Scaling To 384 Threads
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How PingCAP transformed TiDB into a serverless DBaaS using Amazon S3 and Amazon EBS | Amazon Web Services
14 November 2023, AWS Blog

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19 December 2023, Datanami

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PingCAP Included as an Honorable Mention in the 2023 Gartner® Magic Quadrant™ for Cloud Database Management ...
17 January 2024, Yahoo Finance

Unlocking performance, scalability, and cost-efficiency of Zomato's Billing Platform by switching from TiDB to ...
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