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DBMS > Redis vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Redis vs. TiDB

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Our visitors often compare Redis and TiDB with MySQL, Cassandra and PostgreSQL.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameRedis  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionIn-memory data structure store, used as database, cache and message broker infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.TiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistenceRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infowith Redis Modules
Graph DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Search engine infowith Redis Modules
Time Series DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score142.91
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Score1.47
Rank#126  Overall
#65  Relational DBMS
Websiteredis.iopingcap.com
Technical documentationredis.io/­documentationpingcap.com/­docs
DeveloperSalvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis LabsPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release20092016
Current release5.0.5, May 20193.0.0, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSD 3-Clause, commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCGo, Rust
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datepartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infowith RediSearch moduleyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization ProtocolProprietary protocol
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresLuano
Triggersnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replication infoChained replication is supported
Multi-master replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Using Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemStrong eventual consistency with CRDTs
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataOptimistic locking, atomic execution of commands blocks and scriptsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoData access is serialized by the serveryes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logsyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlSimple password-based access control infoAccess control lists and SSL are available in the commercial versionUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
RedisTiDB
Specific characteristicsRedis, benchmarked as the world's fastest database, reduces application complexity,...
» more
TiDB is an open source distributed scalable hybrid transactional and analytical processing...
» more
Competitive advantagesRedis is an in-memory database platform offering native support of wide range of...
» more
In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosRedis powers personalization, real-time fraud detection, IoT, e-commerce, real-time...
» more
TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersVerizon, Vodafone, Atlassian, Trip Advisor, Jet.com, Nokia, Samsung, HTC, Docker,...
» more
Bank of Beijing (Banking) Mobike (Ridesharing) Toutiao (Media) Ele.me (Catering)...
» more
Market metricsInfoWorld’s 2018 Best of Open Source Software Award winners 15000+ stars on GitHub...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe licensing model is subscription based. Redis Enterprise Cloud is priced according...
» more
Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
News

Safety First! Common Safety Pitfalls in Distributed Databases Found by Jepsen Tests
18 September 2019

How TSQ Becomes a Performance Bottleneck for TiKV in AWS ARM Environment
26 August 2019

Lesson Learned from Queries over 1.3 Trillion Rows of Data Within Milliseconds of Response Time at Zhihu.com
21 August 2019

Porting TiDB to ARM64 for Greater Flexibility
16 August 2019

Migrating the TiKV Rust Client from Futures 0.1 to 0.3
8 August 2019

Related products and services
3rd partiesRedis Labs is the open source home and the provider of enterprise-class Redis.
» more

ScaleGrid: Fully managed Redis-as-a-Service in the cloud.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
RedisTiDB
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Recent citations in the news

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PingCAP offers titanium bullet to switch to its HTAP database
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How TiDB combines OLTP and OLAP in a distributed database
17 October 2018, InfoWorld

TiDB developer PingCAP wants to expand in North America after raising $50M Series C
11 September 2018, TechCrunch

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