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DBMS > Redis vs. RocksDB vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison Redis vs. RocksDB vs. TimescaleDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameRedis  Xexclude from comparisonRocksDB  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionPopular in-memory data platform used as a cache, message broker, and database that can be deployed on-premises, across clouds, and hybrid environments infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.Embeddable persistent key-value store optimized for fast storage (flash and RAM)A time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistenceKey-value storeTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infowith RedisJSON
Graph DBMS infowith RedisGraph
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infowith RediSearch
Time Series DBMS infowith RedisTimeSeries
Vector DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score156.77
Rank#6  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Score2.89
Rank#97  Overall
#16  Key-value stores
Score3.90
Rank#74  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websiteredis.com
redis.io
rocksdb.orgwww.timescale.com
Technical documentationdocs.redis.com/­latest/­index.html
redis.io/­docs
github.com/­facebook/­rocksdb/­wikidocs.timescale.com
DeveloperRedis project core team, inspired by Salvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis Inc.Facebook, Inc.Timescale
Initial release200920132017
Current release7.2.5, May 20249.4.0, June 20242.15.0, May 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infosource-available extensions (modules), commercial licenses for Redis EnterpriseOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Aiven for Redis: Fully managed in-memory key-value store for all your caching and speedy lookup needs.
Implementation languageCC++C
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
LinuxLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datepartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexesnonumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyes infowith RediSearch modulenoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLwith RediSQL modulenoyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization ProtocolC++ API
Java API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
C
C++
Go
Java
Perl
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresLua; Redis Functions coming in Redis 7 (slides and Github)nouser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggerspublish/subscribe channels provide some trigger functionality; RedisGearsyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoAutomatic hash-based sharding with support for hash-tags for manual shardinghorizontal partitioningyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-replica replication infoChained replication is supported
yesSource-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsthrough RedisGearsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Causal consistency can be enabled in Active-Active databases
Strong consistency with Redis Raft
Strong eventual consistency with Active-Active
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic execution of command blocks and scripts and optimistic lockingyesACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoData access is serialized by the serveryesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logsyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (ACLs): redis.io/­docs/­management/­security/­acl
LDAP and Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) for Redis Enterprise
Mutual TLS authentication: redis.io/­docs/­management/­security/­encryption
Password-based authentication
nofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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Related products and services
3rd partiesAiven for Redis: Fully managed in-memory key-value store for all your caching and speedy lookup needs.
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Redisson PRO: The ultra-fast Redis Java Client.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Navicat for Redis: the award-winning Redis management tool with an intuitive and powerful graphical interface.
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Speedb: A high performance RocksDB-compliant key-value store optimized for write-intensive workloads.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
RedisRocksDBTimescaleDB
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Recent citations in the news

Redis Improves Performance of Vector Semantic Search with Multi-Threaded Query Engine
19 July 2024, InfoQ.com

Valkey Will Not Just Be a Redis Retread
17 July 2024, The New Stack

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9 July 2024, AWS Blog

Redis switches licenses, acquires Speedb to go beyond its core in-memory database
21 March 2024, TechCrunch

Redis acquires storage engine startup Speedb to enhance its open-source database
21 March 2024, SiliconANGLE News

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31 August 2022, The Next Platform

Facebook’s MyRocks Truly Rocks!
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TimescaleDB Is a Vector Database Now, Too
25 September 2023, Datanami

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Power IoT and time-series workloads with TimescaleDB for Azure Database for PostgreSQL
18 March 2019, Microsoft

Timescale Valuation Rockets to Over $1B with $110M Round, Marking the Explosive Rise of Time-Series Data
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