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DBMS > Redis vs. RocksDB vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Redis vs. RocksDB vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameRedis  Xexclude from comparisonRocksDB  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionIn-memory data structure store, used as database, cache and message broker infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.Embeddable persistent key-value store optimized for fast storage (flash and RAM)TiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistenceKey-value storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infowith Redis Modules
Graph DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Search engine infowith Redis Modules
Time Series DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score152.87
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Score3.16
Rank#93  Overall
#17  Key-value stores
Score2.06
Rank#122  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Websiteredis.iorocksdb.orgpingcap.com
Technical documentationredis.io/­documentationgithub.com/­facebook/­rocksdb/­wikipingcap.com/­docs
DeveloperSalvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis LabsFacebook, Inc.PingCAP, Inc.
Initial release200920132016
Current release6.0.6, July 20206.11.4, July 20204.0.1, June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSD 3-Clause, commercial license availableOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for Redis: Fully managed hosting for Redis on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageCC++Go, Rust
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datepartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infowith RediSearch modulenoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization ProtocolC++ API
Java API
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
C++
Java
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresLuanono
Triggersnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonehorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-replica replication infoChained replication is supported
noneUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Strong eventual consistency with CRDTs
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataOptimistic locking, atomic execution of commands blocks and scriptsyesACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoData access is serialized by the serveryesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logsyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlSimple password-based access control infoAccess control lists and SSL are available in the commercial versionnoUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
RedisRocksDBTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metricsInfoWorld’s 2018 Best of Open Source Software Award winners 24200+ stars on GitHub...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
News

TiDB 4.0: An Elastic, Real-Time HTAP Database Ready for the Cloud
6 August 2020

Create a Scale-Out Hive Cluster with a Distributed, MySQL-Compatible Database
4 August 2020

Heterogeneous Database Replication to TiDB
30 July 2020

Announcing Chaos Mesh® as a CNCF Sandbox Project
28 July 2020

How TiDB's HTAP Makes Truly Hybrid Workloads Possible
16 July 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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3rd partiesDatadog: Monitor all Redis metrics: hit rates, clients, commands per second, and more.
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More resources
RedisRocksDBTiDB
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