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DBMS > Redis vs. RocksDB vs. SurrealDB

System Properties Comparison Redis vs. RocksDB vs. SurrealDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameRedis  Xexclude from comparisonRocksDB  Xexclude from comparisonSurrealDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionPopular in-memory data platform used as a cache, message broker, and database that can be deployed on-premises, across clouds, and hybrid environments infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.Embeddable persistent key-value store optimized for fast storage (flash and RAM)A fully ACID transactional, developer-friendly, multi-model DBMS
Primary database modelKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistenceKey-value storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infowith RedisJSON
Graph DBMS infowith RedisGraph
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infowith RediSearch
Time Series DBMS infowith RedisTimeSeries
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score157.80
Rank#6  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Score3.65
Rank#85  Overall
#11  Key-value stores
Score0.86
Rank#203  Overall
#34  Document stores
#18  Graph DBMS
Websiteredis.com
redis.io
rocksdb.orgsurrealdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.redis.com/­latest/­index.html
redis.io/­docs
github.com/­facebook/­rocksdb/­wikisurrealdb.com/­docs
DeveloperRedis project core team, inspired by Salvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis Inc.Facebook, Inc.SurrealDB Ltd
Initial release200920132022
Current release7.2.4, January 20248.11.4, April 2024v1.5.0, May 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infosource-available extensions (modules), commercial licenses for Redis EnterpriseOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Aiven for Redis: Fully managed in-memory key-value store for all your caching and speedy lookup needs.
Implementation languageCC++Rust
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
LinuxLinux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datepartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infowith RediSearch moduleno
SQL infoSupport of SQLwith RediSQL modulenoSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization ProtocolC++ API
Java API
GraphQL
RESTful HTTP API
WebSocket
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
C
C++
Go
Java
Perl
Python
Ruby
Deno
Go
JavaScript (Node.js)
Rust
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresLua; Redis Functions coming in Redis 7 (slides and Github)no
Triggerspublish/subscribe channels provide some trigger functionality; RedisGears
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoAutomatic hash-based sharding with support for hash-tags for manual shardinghorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-replica replication infoChained replication is supported
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsthrough RedisGearsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Causal consistency can be enabled in Active-Active databases
Strong consistency with Redis Raft
Strong eventual consistency with Active-Active
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic execution of command blocks and scripts and optimistic lockingyesACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoData access is serialized by the serveryesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logsyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (ACLs): redis.io/­docs/­management/­security/­acl
LDAP and Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) for Redis Enterprise
Mutual TLS authentication: redis.io/­docs/­management/­security/­encryption
Password-based authentication
noyes, based on authentication and database rules

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Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Aiven for Redis: Fully managed in-memory key-value store for all your caching and speedy lookup needs.
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Navicat for Redis: the award-winning Redis management tool with an intuitive and powerful graphical interface.
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Redisson PRO: The ultra-fast Redis Java Client.
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Speedb: A high performance RocksDB-compliant key-value store optimized for write-intensive workloads.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
RedisRocksDBSurrealDB
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