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DBMS > Redis vs. RethinkDB vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Redis vs. RethinkDB vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameRedis  Xexclude from comparisonRethinkDB  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionIn-memory data structure store, used as database, cache and message broker infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.DBMS for the Web with a mechanism to push updated query results to applications in realtime.TiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistenceDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infowith Redis Modules
Graph DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Search engine infowith Redis Modules
Time Series DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score151.86
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Score4.23
Rank#78  Overall
#13  Document stores
Score2.14
Rank#123  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Websiteredis.iorethinkdb.compingcap.com
Technical documentationredis.io/­documentationrethinkdb.com/­docsdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperSalvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis LabsThe Linux Foundation infosince July 2017PingCAP, Inc.
Initial release200920092016
Current release6.0.8, September 20202.4.0, December 20194.0, July 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSD 3-Clause, commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for Redis: Fully managed hosting for Redis on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageCC++Go, Rust
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datepartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexesyes infostring, binary, float, bool, date, geometryyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infowith RediSearch moduleyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization ProtocolJDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
C infocommunity-supported driver
C# infocommunity-supported driver
C++ infocommunity-supported driver
Clojure infocommunity-supported driver
Dart infocommunity-supported driver
Erlang infocommunity-supported driver
Go infocommunity-supported driver
Haskell infocommunity-supported driver
Java infoofficial driver
JavaScript (Node.js) infoofficial driver
Lisp infocommunity-supported driver
Lua infocommunity-supported driver
Objective-C infocommunity-supported driver
Perl infocommunity-supported driver
PHP infocommunity-supported driver
Python infoofficial driver
Ruby infoofficial driver
Scala infocommunity-supported driver
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresLuano
TriggersnoClient-side triggers through changefeedsno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding inforange basedhorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-replica replication infoChained replication is supported
Source-replica replicationUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Strong eventual consistency with CRDTs
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataOptimistic locking, atomic execution of commands blocks and scriptsAtomic single-document operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoData access is serialized by the serveryes infoMVCC basedyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logsyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlSimple password-based access control infoAccess control lists and SSL are available in the commercial versionyes infousers and table-level permissionsUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
RedisRethinkDBTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
News

How We Build an HTAP Database That Simplifies Your Data Platform
15 September 2020

Announcing HTAP support in TiDB Cloud
8 September 2020

How to Migrate Data from Amazon Aurora MySQL to TiDB Cloud
4 September 2020

Celebrate TiKV Graduation within CNCF
2 September 2020

PingCAPers Make Their Debut at VLDB
31 August 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Datadog: Monitor all Redis metrics: hit rates, clients, commands per second, and more.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
RedisRethinkDBTiDB
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Recent citations in the news

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4 September 2020, thenewstack.io

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RethinkDB is dead, and MongoDB isn't what killed it
24 January 2017, TechRepublic

Build real-time Web apps with RethinkDB
1 September 2015, InfoWorld

provided by Google News

Cloud Native Computing Foundation Announces TiKV Graduation
3 September 2020, EnterpriseTalk

PingCAP Announces TiDB Cloud, Bringing Fully-Managed TiDB Service to AWS and GCP
23 June 2020, PRNewswire

TiKV graduates from the CNCF, enabling persistent storage for container applications
2 September 2020, SiliconANGLE

PingCAP launches TiDB Cloud, a fully-managed database as a service offering
25 June 2020, Help Net Security

TiDB developer PingCAP wants to expand in North America after raising $50M Series C
11 September 2018, TechCrunch

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