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DBMS > RDF4J vs. Stardog vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison RDF4J vs. Stardog vs. Virtuoso

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.Semantic graph DBMS, developed in JavaVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelRDF storeGraph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.37
Rank#222  Overall
#11  RDF stores
Score0.75
Rank#167  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score3.32
Rank#80  Overall
#5  Graph DBMS
#2  Native XML DBMS
#42  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
Websiterdf4j.orgwww.stardog.comvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationdocs.rdf4j.orgwww.stardog.com/­docsdocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.Complexible Inc.OpenLink Software
Initial release200420101998
Current release4.2.4, March 20178.2, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.commercial infoLimited community edition freeOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaC
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
All OS with a Java VMAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyes infoRDF Schemasschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infoImport/export of XML data possibleyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSPARQL is used as query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
HTTP API
OWL
SPARQL
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
HTTP API
OLE DB
WebDAV
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesJava
PHP
Python
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersyesyes infovia event handlersyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster infousing Apache ZooKeeperMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency in HA-ClusterImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoIsolation support depends on the API usedACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infoin-memory storage is supported as wellyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
RDF4J infoformerly known as SesameStardogVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsVirtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesPerformance & Scale โ€” as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosUsed for โ€” Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersBroad use across enterprises and governments including โ€” European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsLargest installed-base โ€‹of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAvailable in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more

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More resources
RDF4J infoformerly known as SesameStardogVirtuoso
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