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DBMS > openGauss vs. PostgreSQL vs. YDB

System Properties Comparison openGauss vs. PostgreSQL vs. YDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameopenGauss  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonYDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn enterprise-class RDBMS compatible with high-performance, high-availability and high-performance originally developed by HuaweiWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLA distributed fault-tolerant database service, with high availability, scalability, immediate consistency and ACID transactions and providing an Amazon DynamoDB compatible API
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Document store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Apache Age
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS infowith pgvector extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.05
Rank#189  Overall
#87  Relational DBMS
Score645.05
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score0.34
Rank#285  Overall
#43  Document stores
#130  Relational DBMS
Websitegitee.com/­opengauss
opengauss.org
www.postgresql.orggithub.com/­ydb-platform/­ydb
ydb.tech
Technical documentationdocs.opengauss.org/­en
gitee.com/­opengauss/­docs
www.postgresql.org/­docsydb.tech/­en/­docs
DeveloperHuawei and openGauss communityPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerYandex
Initial release20191989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2019
Current release3.0, March 202216.2, February 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen SourceOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoApache 2.0; commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Aiven for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL for developers with 70+ extensions and flexible orchestration tools.
Implementation languageC, C++, JavaC
Server operating systemsLinuxFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLANSI SQL 2011yes infostandard with numerous extensionsSQL-like query language (YQL)
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
RESTful HTTP API (DynamoDB compatible)
Supported programming languagesC
C++
Java
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.no
Triggersyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by range, list and hash)partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsActive-passive shard replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights defined for Yandex Cloud users

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More resources
openGaussPostgreSQLYDB
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Recent citations in the news

openGauss Open Source Community Officially Launch
1 July 2020, huawei.com

The openGauss powers database industry forward through innovation
6 January 2022, Global Times

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12 October 2020, PR Newswire

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