DBMS > PostgreSQL vs. ToroDB vs. TypeDB
System Properties Comparison PostgreSQL vs. ToroDB vs. TypeDB
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||PostgreSQL Xexclude from comparison||ToroDB Xexclude from comparison||TypeDB formerly named Grakn Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Widely used open source RDBMS Developed as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL||A MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL||TypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical type system and TypeQL as its query language|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS with object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.||Document store||Graph DBMS|
Relational DBMS Often described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Developer||PostgreSQL Global Development Group www.postgresql.org/developer||8Kdata||Vaticle (formerly Grakn Labs)|
|Initial release||1989 1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL||2016||2016|
|Current release||14.3, May 2022||2.8.1, April 2022|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source BSD||Open Source AGPL-V3||Open Source GPL Version 3, commercial licenses available|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|Server operating systems||FreeBSD|
|All OS with a Java 7 VM||Linux|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes string, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes specific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.||no||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes standard with numerous extensions||no|
|APIs and other access methods||ADO.NET|
native C library
streaming API for large objects
TypeDB Console (shell)
TypeDB Studio (Visualisation software- previously TypeDB Workbase)
|Supported programming languages||.Net|
|All JVM based languages|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||user defined functions realized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.||no|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash||Sharding||Sharding by using Cassandra|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Source-replica replication other methods possible by using 3rd party extensions||Source-replica replication||Multi-source replication by using Cassandra|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||yes by using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeper|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Eventual Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes||no||no substituted by the relationship feature|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||no||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||no||no|
|User concepts Access control||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||Access rights for users and roles||yes at REST API level; other APIs in progress|
|More information provided by the system vendor|
|PostgreSQL||ToroDB||TypeDB formerly named Grakn|
|Specific characteristics||Meet TypeDB (and TypeQL ) TypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical...|
|Competitive advantages||Entity-Relationship Model TypeDB allows you to model your domain using the well-known...|
|Typical application scenarios||Life sciences : TypeDB makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...|
|Licensing and pricing models||AGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...|
We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
|Related products and services|
|3rd parties||EDB: BigAnimal is fully-managed PostgreSQL in the cloud from the database fanatics at EDB.|
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Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.
|PostgreSQL||ToroDB||TypeDB formerly named Grakn|
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