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DBMS > PostgreSQL vs. Tkrzw vs. VictoriaMetrics

System Properties Comparison PostgreSQL vs. Tkrzw vs. VictoriaMetrics

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NamePostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonTkrzw infoSuccessor of Tokyo Cabinet and Kyoto Cabinet  Xexclude from comparisonVictoriaMetrics  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLA concept of libraries, allowing an application program to store and query key-value pairs in a file. Successor of Tokyo Cabinet and Kyoto CabinetA fast, cost-effective and scalable Time Series DBMS and monitoring solution
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Key-value storeTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score617.97
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#377  Overall
#59  Key-value stores
Score0.98
Rank#209  Overall
#15  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.postgresql.orgdbmx.net/­tkrzwvictoriametrics.com
Technical documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docsdocs.victoriametrics.com
github.com/­VictoriaMetrics/­VictoriaMetrics/­wiki
DeveloperPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerMikio HirabayashiVictoriaMetrics
Initial release1989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL20202018
Current release15.1, November 20220.9.3, August 2020v1.83, November 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Aiven for PostgreSQL: Fully managed and hosted PostgreSQL® with 70+ extensions and orchestration tooling included.
  • ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL DBaaS hosting On-Premises and on clouds such as AWS, Azure, GCP and DigitalOcean with no vendor lock-in. Leverage any extension and get SSH access.
Implementation languageCC++Go
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
macOS
FreeBSD
Linux
macOS
OpenBSD
Data schemeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.nono
Secondary indexesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard with numerous extensionsnono
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Graphite protocol
InfluxDB Line Protocol
OpenTSDB
Prometheus Query API
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C++
Java
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.nono
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodespartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsnoneSynchronous replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infousing specific database classesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno
More information provided by the system vendor
PostgreSQLTkrzw infoSuccessor of Tokyo Cabinet and Kyoto CabinetVictoriaMetrics
Specific characteristicsHigh performance, horizontally scalable time series database and monitoring solution...
» more
Competitive advantagesSpecifically designed for highly loaded workloads Addresses most of the scalability...
» more
Typical application scenariosWhen the current monitoring solution can't keep up with increasing workload Kubernetes...
» more
Key customersGrammarly, Wix.com, adidas, Sensedia, Brandwatch, CERN, COLOPL, Razorpay See our...
» more
Market metrics6k stars and 100+ contributors on GitHub 45M+ downloads Thousands of active users...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVictoriaMetrics comes in three versions: an open source version, an Enterprise version...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
PostgreSQLTkrzw infoSuccessor of Tokyo Cabinet and Kyoto CabinetVictoriaMetrics
DB-Engines blog posts

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Driving the Future of PostgreSQL Adoption
15 November 2021,  Umair Shahid, Percona (sponsor) 

The Inexorable Rise of PostgreSQL
24 September 2021,  Matt Yonkovit, Percona (sponsor) 

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