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DBMS > etcd vs. PostgreSQL vs. TigerGraph

System Properties Comparison etcd vs. PostgreSQL vs. TigerGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Nameetcd  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed reliable key-value storeWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLA complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-time
Primary database modelKey-value storeRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Graph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score10.19
Rank#46  Overall
#5  Key-value stores
Score586.97
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score1.99
Rank#120  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
Websiteetcd.io
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd
www.postgresql.orgwww.tigergraph.com
Technical documentationetcd.io/­docs
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd/­tree/­master/­Documentation
www.postgresql.org/­docsdocs.tigergraph.com
DeveloperPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release1989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2017
Current release3.4, August 201914.0, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageGoCC++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Windows infoexperimental
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no
Secondary indexesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infostandard with numerous extensionsSQL-like query language (GSQL)
APIs and other access methodsgRPC
JSON over HTTP
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes
Triggersyes, watching key changesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodespartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.Source-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
etcdPostgreSQLTigerGraph
Specific characteristicsTigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Competitive advantagesTigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
Typical application scenariosAnti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Key customersFour out of the top five global banks use TigerGraph for real-time fraud detection....
» more
Market metricsANALYST RESEARCH Nov 2020: TigerGraph Named A Leader For Graph Data Platforms - TigerGraph...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsTry TigerGraph for Free in the Cloud or On Prem https://www.tigergraph.com/get-tigergraph/...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
etcdPostgreSQLTigerGraph
DB-Engines blog posts

The Inexorable Rise of PostgreSQL
24 September 2021,  Matt Yonkovit, Percona (sponsor) 

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Conferences and events

Postgres Build 2021
Free Virtual Event, 30 November 2021 - 1 December 2021

Finished events

Latest Performance Features in PostgreSQL 14
On Demand Webinar, 14 October 2021 (finished)

PostgreSQL Performance Tuning Secrets
On Demand Webinar, 21 October 2021 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

All about performance: etcd 3.5 looks to make Kubernetes users happy • DEVCLASS
17 June 2021, DevClass

Common Kubernetes terminology you should know
8 October 2021, TechTarget

Distributed Key-Value Store etcd Graduates at CNCF
29 November 2020, InfoQ.com

Break point: Qodana, Pulumi, OpenShift, GraalVM, Seldon, and VS Code • DEVCLASS
22 October 2021, DevClass

Cloud Native Computing Foundation Announces Agenda for KubeCon + CloudNativeCon + Open Source Summit China Virtual 2021
28 September 2021, thepress.net

provided by Google News

Google Opens Up Spanner Database With PostgreSQL Interface
13 October 2021, The Next Platform

PostgreSQL 14 improves open source database performance
30 September 2021, TechTarget

PostgreSQL 14 brings performance boosts
1 October 2021, InfoWorld

Open-source veteran PostgreSQL emits release 14: Tweaked, scalable, and ready to get heavy
1 October 2021, The Register

Postgresql 14 Is Now Available, Check The New Features
6 October 2021, Analytics India Magazine

provided by Google News

TigerGraph seeks to democratize graph databases
5 October 2021, VentureBeat

TigerGraph's Todd Blaschka: The Uses and Evolution of Graph Technology | eWEEK
29 September 2021, eWeek

TigerGraph, HPE, and Xilinx Announce World's First Hardware-Accelerated Graph Analytics Solution
21 October 2021, AiThority

TigerGraph, Hewlett Packard Enterprise, and Xilinx Announce
19 October 2021, GlobeNewswire

TigerGraph Announces Agenda for Graph + AI Summit Fall 2021, Including Interactive Sessions and Speakers from Mastercard, Intuit, Dell, UnitedHealth Group, Gartner, and More
29 September 2021, Yahoo Finance

provided by Google News

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