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DBMS > PostgreSQL vs. TiDB vs. YugabyteDB

System Properties Comparison PostgreSQL vs. TiDB vs. YugabyteDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NamePostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparisonYugabyteDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.High-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire compatible with PostgreSQL.
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document storeDocument store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score559.25
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score1.94
Rank#117  Overall
#57  Relational DBMS
Score0.95
Rank#177  Overall
#89  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.postgresql.orgpingcap.comwww.yugabyte.com
Technical documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docsdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stabledocs.yugabyte.com
github.com/­yugabyte/­yugabyte-db
DeveloperPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerPingCAP, Inc.Yugabyte Inc.
Initial release1989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL20162017
Current release13.3, May 20215.0.0, April 20212.4, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageCGo, RustC and C++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
LinuxLinux
OS X
Data schemeyesyesdepending on used data model
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyesyes, PostgreSQL compatible
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
YCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.noyes infosql, plpgsql, C
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodespartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashhorizontal partitioning (by key range)Hash and Range Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.Based on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infowith TiSpark Connectorno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyStrong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno infocurrently only supported in syntaxyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDDistributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infobased on RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.yes
More information provided by the system vendor
PostgreSQLTiDBYugabyteDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
News

TiDE: Developing a Distributed Database in a Breeze
13 May 2021

PingCAP Successfully Completes SOC 2 Type 2 Examination for TiDB Cloud
10 May 2021

TiDB Cloud Now in Public Preview
10 May 2021

Linux Kernel vs. Memory Fragmentation (Part II)
3 May 2021

Getting Started with Rails & TiDB
28 April 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
PostgreSQLTiDBYugabyteDB
DB-Engines blog posts

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