DBMS > PostgreSQL vs. Stardog
System Properties Comparison PostgreSQL vs. Stardog
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||PostgreSQL Xexclude from comparison||Stardog Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Widely used open source RDBMS Developed as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL||Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS with object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.||Graph DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
Graph DBMS with Apache Age
Vector DBMS with pgvector extension
|Developer||PostgreSQL Global Development Group www.postgresql.org/developer||Stardog-Union|
|Initial release||1989 1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL||2010|
|Current release||16.1, November 2023||7.3.0, May 2020|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source BSD||commercial 60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|Aiven for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL for developers with 70+ extensions and flexible orchestration tools.|
|Server operating systems||FreeBSD|
|Data scheme||yes||schema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes specific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.||no Import/export of XML data possible|
|Secondary indexes||yes||yes supports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes standard with numerous extensions||Yes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server|
|APIs and other access methods||ADO.NET|
native C library
streaming API for large objects
|GraphQL query language|
Jena RDF API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
|Supported programming languages||.Net|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||user defined functions realized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.||user defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java|
|Triggers||yes||yes via event handlers|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash||none|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Source-replica replication other methods possible by using 3rd party extensions||Multi-source replication in HA-Cluster|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency in HA-Cluster|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes||yes relationships in graphs|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||no||yes|
|User concepts Access control||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||Access rights for users and roles|
More information provided by the system vendor
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|Related products and services|
|3rd parties||pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring. |
Fujitsu Enterprise Postgres: An Enterprise Grade PostgreSQL with the flexibility of a hybrid cloud solution combined with industry leading security, availability and performance.
Datasentinel: Platform for Monitoring and Analyzing the performance problems of your PostgreSQL Clusters
Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
Aiven for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL for developers with 70+ extensions and flexible orchestration tools.
Instaclustr: Fully Hosted & Managed PostgreSQL
Redgate webinars: A series of key topics for new PostgreSQL users.
Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for PostgreSQL and many other database management systems.
Timescale: Calling all PostgreSQL users – the 2023 State of PostgreSQL survey is now open! Share your favorite extensions, preferred frameworks, community experiences, and more. Take the survey today!
We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.
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