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DBMS > PostgreSQL vs. Sphinx vs. TigerGraph

System Properties Comparison PostgreSQL vs. Sphinx vs. TigerGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NamePostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSphinx  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLOpen source search engine for searching in data from different sources, e.g. relational databasesA complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-time
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Search engineGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score536.77
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score6.45
Rank#57  Overall
#6  Search engines
Score1.13
Rank#153  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.postgresql.orgsphinxsearch.comwww.tigergraph.com
Technical documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manualssphinxsearch.com/­docsdocs.tigergraph.com
DeveloperPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerSphinx Technologies Inc.
Initial release1989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL20012017
Current release12.3, May 20203.2.1, January 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial licence availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageCC++C++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
NetBSD
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no
Secondary indexesyesyes infofull-text index on all search fields
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard with numerous extensionsSQL-like query language (SphinxQL)SQL-like query language (GSQL)
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Proprietary protocolGSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C++ infounofficial client library
Java
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby infounofficial client library
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.noyes
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodespartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashSharding infoPartitioning is done manually, search queries against distributed index is supported
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoThe original contents of fields are not stored in the Sphinx index.yes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
PostgreSQLSphinxTigerGraph
Specific characteristicsTigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Competitive advantagesTigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
Typical application scenariosAnti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Key customersTigerGraph’s proven technology supports applications such as fraud detection, customer...
» more
Market metricsTigerGraph is 2x to more than 8000x faster at graph traversal and query response...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNEW: TIGERGRAPH CLOUD - Fully managed Graph Database as a Service. Hourly pricing...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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CYBERTEC: your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science based on PostgreSQL since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide!
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Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
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Azure Database for PostgreSQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community PostgreSQL database as a service
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More resources
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Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Online Trainings
Online Training Courses, 4 May 2020 - 11 December 2020

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