DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > PostgreSQL vs. SpatiaLite vs. Titan

System Properties Comparison PostgreSQL vs. SpatiaLite vs. Titan

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NamePostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSpatiaLite  Xexclude from comparisonTitan  Xexclude from comparison
Titan has been decommisioned after the takeover by Datastax. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking. A fork has been open-sourced as JanusGraph.
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLSpatial extension of SQLiteTitan is a Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters.
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Spatial DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score617.97
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score2.21
Rank#129  Overall
#3  Spatial DBMS
Websitewww.postgresql.orgwww.gaia-gis.it/­fossil/­libspatialite/­indextitan.thinkaurelius.com
Technical documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docswww.gaia-gis.it/­gaia-sins/­spatialite_topics.htmlgithub.com/­thinkaurelius/­titan/­wiki
DeveloperPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerAlessandro FurieriAurelius, owned by DataStax
Initial release1989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL20082012
Current release15.1, November 20225.0.0, August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoMPL 1.1, GPL v2.0 or LGPL v2.1Open Source infoApache license, version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Aiven for PostgreSQL: Fully managed and hosted PostgreSQL® with 70+ extensions and orchestration tooling included.
  • ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL DBaaS hosting On-Premises and on clouds such as AWS, Azure, GCP and DigitalOcean with no vendor lock-in. Leverage any extension and get SSH access.
Implementation languageCC++Java
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
server-lessLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyesno
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Clojure
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.noyes
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodespartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnoneyes infovia pluggable storage backends
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsnoneyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engine
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes infoRelationships in graph
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcast
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph Server

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDatasentinel: Platform for Monitoring and Analyzing the performance problems of your PostgreSQL Clusters
» more

Percona: Database problems? Not on your watch.
Databases run better with Percona.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

Instaclustr: Fully Hosted & Managed PostgreSQL
» more

Aiven for PostgreSQL: The familiar open source PostgreSQL® that you know and love, with no proprietary features or add-ons that will lock you in.
» more

Fujitsu Enterprise Postgres: An Enterprise Grade PostgreSQL with the flexibility of a hybrid cloud solution combined with industry leading security, availability and performance.
» more

EDB: BigAnimal is fully-managed PostgreSQL in the cloud from the database fanatics at EDB.
» more

The State of PostgreSQL 2022 survey is now open!
» more

DbVisualizer is equipping database professionals with the tools they need to build, manage and maintain state-of-the-art database technologies. It has sky-high user satisfaction and is the preferred tool for database professionals around the world. Customers include Tesla, Apple, Facebook, Deutsche Bank, NASA, and 25,000 others in 145 countries.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
PostgreSQLSpatiaLiteTitan
DB-Engines blog posts

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Driving the Future of PostgreSQL Adoption
15 November 2021,  Umair Shahid, Percona (sponsor) 

The Inexorable Rise of PostgreSQL
24 September 2021,  Matt Yonkovit, Percona (sponsor) 

show all

Spatial database management systems
6 April 2021, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Graph DBMS increased their popularity by 500% within the last 2 years
3 March 2015, Paul Andlinger

Graph DBMSs are gaining in popularity faster than any other database category
21 January 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

EDB brings new tools to open source PostgreSQL database
2 December 2022, TechTarget

Researchers Disclose Supply-Chain Flaw Affecting IBM Cloud Databases for PostgreSQL
2 December 2022, The Hacker News

Why We Built Cloud Native Object Storage for PostgreSQL with Amazon S3
29 November 2022, thenewstack.io

AWS Brings Trusted Extension Support to Managed Postgres
1 December 2022, thenewstack.io

New Features for Azure Database for PostgreSQL Flexible Server
4 November 2022, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

Beyond Titan: The Evolution of DataStax's New Graph Database
21 June 2016, Datanami

DataStax acquires Aurelius, the startup behind the Titan graph database
3 February 2015, VentureBeat

With 22.5% CAGR, Graph Database Market Size Estimated to Reach $5.1 billion by 2026
20 July 2022, Digital Journal

The continuing rise of graph databases
15 May 2017, ZDNet

TigerGraph, a graph database born to roar
19 September 2017, ZDNet

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

PostgreSQL DB
Cognizant, Atlanta, GA

Full Stack Developer
Shtudy, Remote

Junior Python Software Engineer
Ascend Analytics, LLC, Boulder, CO

PostgreSQL DBA
Luxoft, Remote

PostgreSQL Database Engineer
Leidos, Windsor Mill, MD

Senior Software Development Engineer
Workday, Pleasanton, CA

Senior Enterprise Security Engineer
ServiceTitan, Remote

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

Present your product here