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DBMS > PostgreSQL vs. Spark SQL vs. Tibero

System Properties Comparison PostgreSQL vs. Spark SQL vs. Tibero

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NamePostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparisonTibero  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processingA secure RDBMS, designed for easy portability from Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score483.91
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score16.10
Rank#35  Overall
#21  Relational DBMS
Score1.52
Rank#122  Overall
#63  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.postgresql.orgspark.apache.org/­sqlwww.tmaxsoft.com/­products/­tibero
Technical documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manualsspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.htmltechnet.tmaxsoft.com/­upload/­download/­online/­tibero/­pver-20150504-000002/­index.html
DeveloperPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerApache Software FoundationTmaxSoft
Initial release1989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL20142003
Current release12.0, October 2019v2.4.4, September 20196, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageCScalaC and Assembler
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.noyes
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard with numerous extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsnative C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Tibero CLI
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Java
Python
R
Scala
C
C#
C++
Cobol
Java
Objective-C
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.noPersistent Stored Procedure (PSM)
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodespartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashyes, utilizing Spark Corehorizontal partitioning infoby range, hash, list or composite
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsnoneMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono infoplanned for next version
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard (SQL 92, SQL 99)

More information provided by the system vendor

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Related products and services
3rd partiesDremio is like magic for PostgreSQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
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Azure Database for PostgreSQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community PostgreSQL database as a service
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General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
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DBHawk: a web-based PostgreSQL/Greenplum database tool. Boost database development and BI productivity with an online Universal database tool.
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pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
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Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
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SQLPro for PostgreSQL: A simple but powerful PostgreSQL database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
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2ndQuadrant: PostgreSQL Solutions for the Enterprise.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
PostgreSQLSpark SQLTibero
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

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Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Conference, Europe 2019
Milan, Italy, 15-18 October 2019 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

PostgreSQL 12 boosts open source database performance
14 October 2019, TechTarget

PostgreSQL 12 Released
14 October 2019, iProgrammer

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PostgreSQL turns performance up for v12 release
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PostgreSQL puts the pedal to the metal with some smart indexing tweaks in version 12
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