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DBMS > PostgreSQL vs. Snowflake vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison PostgreSQL vs. Snowflake vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NamePostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured dataTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score577.05
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score46.54
Rank#23  Overall
#15  Relational DBMS
Score2.19
Rank#112  Overall
#55  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.postgresql.orgwww.snowflake.compingcap.com
Technical documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docsdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.htmldocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerSnowflake Computing Inc.PingCAP, Inc.
Initial release1989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL20142016
Current release13.3, May 20215.0.1, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSDcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageCGo, Rust
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
hostedLinux
Data schemeyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyesyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.user defined functionsno
Triggersyesno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resourcesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodespartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashyeshorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsyesUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesno infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
PostgreSQLSnowflakeTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
News

How to Deploy TiDB on Google Cloud Platform—Part 1
2 August 2021

Flink on TiDB: Reliable, Convenient Real-Time Data Service
28 July 2021

TiDB Operator Source Code Reading (III): The Component Control Loop
21 July 2021

Simplifying Database Management in a Highly Automated and Scalable Cloud Environment with Google Cloud
15 July 2021

How to Efficiently Stress Test Pod Memory
13 July 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
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Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
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DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
PostgreSQLSnowflakeTiDB
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

Yugabyte CTO outlines a PostgreSQL path to distributed cloud
26 July 2021, VentureBeat

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7 July 2021, Johnson City Press (subscription)

Steps for Installing Postgresql in Ubuntu 20.04 LTS - Linux Shout
16 July 2021, H2S Media

provided by Google News

Alation Named Snowflake Data Governance Partner of the Year for 2021
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30 July 2021, Yahoo Finance

Broadridge entrusts data analytics to Snowflake Data Cloud
28 July 2021, Finextra

E-Mail 'Cloud Data Company Snowflake Gives Ad Tech A Boost By Joining UID2'
16 July 2021, AdExchanger

Snowflake Announces Support of Unified ID 2.0
14 July 2021, Business Wire

provided by Google News

PingCAP Achieves ISO 27001 for TiDB Cloud
8 July 2021, Yahoo Finance

PingCAP announces Public Preview of TiDB Cloud USA - English USA - English
10 May 2021, PRNewswire

PingCAP, the open-source developer behind TiDB, closes $270 million Series D
17 November 2020, TechCrunch

PingCAP Announces TiDB Cloud, Bringing Fully-Managed TiDB Service to AWS and GCP
23 June 2020, PRNewswire

TiDB developer PingCAP wants to expand in North America after raising $50M Series C
11 September 2018, TechCrunch

provided by Google News

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