DBMS > PostgreSQL vs. Snowflake
System Properties Comparison PostgreSQL vs. Snowflake
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||PostgreSQL Xexclude from comparison||Snowflake Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Widely used open source RDBMS Developed as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL||Cloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS with object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.||Relational DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Developer||PostgreSQL Global Development Group www.postgresql.org/developer||Snowflake Computing Inc.|
|Initial release||1989 1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL||2014|
|Current release||14.0, September 2021|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source BSD||commercial|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||yes|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.|
|Server operating systems||FreeBSD|
|Data scheme||yes||yes support of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes specific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.||yes|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes standard with numerous extensions||yes|
|APIs and other access methods||ADO.NET|
native C library
streaming API for large objects
|Supported programming languages||.Net|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||user defined functions realized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.||user defined functions|
|Triggers||yes||no similar concept for controling cloud resources|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash||yes|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Source-replica replication other methods possible by using 3rd party extensions||yes|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes||yes|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||no||no|
|User concepts Access control||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||Users with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication|
More information provided by the system vendor
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|Related products and services|
|3rd parties||CYBERTEC is your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia, Poland, South Africa and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide and is here for you 24/7! |
ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
EDB: Helping organizations get the most from PostgreSQL, Oracle Migration, High Availability, Security
SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
Instaclustr: Fully Hosted & Managed PostgreSQL
Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
|SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.|
CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.
|DB-Engines blog posts|
The Inexorable Rise of PostgreSQL
|Conferences and events|
Postgres Build 2021
Latest Performance Features in PostgreSQL 14
PostgreSQL Performance Tuning Secrets
|Recent citations in the news|
Google Opens Up Spanner Database With PostgreSQL Interface
PostgreSQL 14 improves open source database performance
PostgreSQL 14 brings performance boosts
Open-source veteran PostgreSQL emits release 14: Tweaked, scalable, and ready to get heavy
PostgreSQL 14 is here - what should you look out for?
provided by Google News
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