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DBMS > PostgreSQL vs. SingleStore vs. XTDB

System Properties Comparison PostgreSQL vs. SingleStore vs. XTDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NamePostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL  Xexclude from comparisonXTDB infoformerly named Crux  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLMySQL wire-compliant distributed RDBMS that combines an in-memory row-oriented and a disc-based column-oriented storage with patented universal storage to handle transactional and analytical workloads in one single table typeA general purpose database with bitemporal SQL and Datalog and graph queries
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score620.46
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score7.25
Rank#61  Overall
#35  Relational DBMS
Score0.02
Rank#346  Overall
#46  Document stores
Websitewww.postgresql.orgwww.singlestore.comgithub.com/­xtdb/­xtdb
xtdb.com
Technical documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docsdocs.singlestore.comxtdb.com/­docs
DeveloperPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerSingleStore Inc.Juxt Ltd.
Initial release1989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL20132019
Current release14.5, August 20227.6, November 20211.19, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSDcommercial infofree developer edition availableOpen Source infoMIT License
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL DBaaS hosting On-Premises and on clouds such as AWS, Azure, GCP and DigitalOcean with no vendor lock-in. Leverage any extension and get SSH access.
  • Aiven for PostgreSQL: Fully managed and hosted PostgreSQL® with 70+ extensions and orchestration tooling included.
SingleStore Managed Service: The world's fastest, modern cloud database for both operational (OLTP) and analytical (OLAP) workloads. Available instantly with multi-cloud and hybrid-cloud capabilities
Implementation languageCC++, GoClojure
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux info64 bit version requiredAll OS with a Java 8 (and higher) VM
Linux
Data schemeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes, extensible-data-notation format
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes infobut no triggers and foreign keyslimited SQL, making use of Apache Calcite
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Cluster Management API infoas HTTP Rest and CLI
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
HTTP REST
JDBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Bash
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Clojure
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yesno
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodespartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashSharding infohash partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsSource-replica replication infostores two copies of each physical data partition on two separate nodesyes, each node contains all data
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan define user-defined aggregate functions for map-reduce-style calculationsno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoAll updates are persistent, including those to disk-based columnstores and memory-based row stores. Transaction commits are supported via write-ahead log.yes, flexibel persistency by using storage technologies like Apache Kafka, RocksDB or LMDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardFine grained access control via users, groups and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
PostgreSQLSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQLXTDB infoformerly named Crux
Specific characteristicsSingleStore offers a fully-managed , distributed, highly-scalable SQL database designed...
» more
Competitive advantagesSingleStore’s competitive advantages include: Easy and Simplified Architecture with...
» more
Typical application scenariosDriving Fast Analytics: SingleStore delivers the fastest and most scalable reporting...
» more
Key customersIEX Cloud : Improves Financial Data Distribution Speed 15x with Singlestore DB Comcast,...
» more
Market metricsCustomers in various industries worldwide including US and International Industry...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsF ree Tier and Enterprise Edition
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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Fujitsu Enterprise Postgres: An Enterprise Grade PostgreSQL with the flexibility of a hybrid cloud solution combined with industry leading security, availability and performance.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
PostgreSQLSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQLXTDB infoformerly named Crux
DB-Engines blog posts

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Driving the Future of PostgreSQL Adoption
15 November 2021,  Umair Shahid, Percona (sponsor) 

The Inexorable Rise of PostgreSQL
24 September 2021,  Matt Yonkovit, Percona (sponsor) 

show all

Cloud-Based Analytics With SingleStoreDB
9 June 2022,  Akmal Chaudhri, SingleStore (sponsor) 

SingleStore: The Increasing Momentum of Multi-Model Database Systems
14 February 2022,  Akmal Chaudhri, SingleStore (sponsor) 

show all

Conferences and events

Turbocharging MySQL JSON Data with SingleStore
Webinar, 10:00AM PDT, 11 October 2022

Recent citations in the news

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provided by Google News

SingleStore Empowers Digital Innovators With Superior Database Performance and Real-Time Insights at Lower TCO
30 August 2022, Business Wire

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12 July 2022, TechCrunch

SingleStore Outshines Major Database Competitors in TCO Study
15 June 2022, Business Wire

SingleStore Expands Capabilities for Real-Time Applications and Workloads
22 June 2022, Business Wire

SingleStore Leads Database Industry With Four Top Rated 2022 Awards From TrustRadius
12 May 2022, Business Wire

provided by Google News

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