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DBMS > PostgreSQL vs. SQLite vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison PostgreSQL vs. SQLite vs. TimescaleDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NamePostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLWidely used embeddable, in-process RDBMSA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score597.27
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score129.80
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score4.33
Rank#84  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.postgresql.orgwww.sqlite.orgwww.timescale.com
Technical documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docswww.sqlite.org/­docs.htmldocs.timescale.com
DeveloperPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerDwayne Richard HippTimescale
Initial release1989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL20002017
Current release14.1, November 20213.36.0  (18 June 2021), June 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoPublic DomainOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageCCC
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
server-lessLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyes infodynamic column typesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.numerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.noyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supportedyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.nouser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodespartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnoneyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsnoneSource-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infovia file-system locksyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
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Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
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SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
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Instaclustr: Fully Hosted & Managed PostgreSQL
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pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
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EDB: BigAnimal is fully-managed PostgreSQL in the cloud from the database fanatics at EDB.
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CYBERTEC is your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia, Poland, South Africa and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide and is here for you 24/7!
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Navicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
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ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
PostgreSQLSQLiteTimescaleDB
DB-Engines blog posts

Driving the Future of PostgreSQL Adoption
15 November 2021,  Umair Shahid, Percona (sponsor) 

The Inexorable Rise of PostgreSQL
24 September 2021,  Matt Yonkovit, Percona (sponsor) 

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

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Big gains for Relational Database Management Systems in DB-Engines Ranking
2 February 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

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Conferences and events

Postgres Build 2021
Free Virtual Event, 30 November 2021 - 1 December 2021

Finished events

Latest Performance Features in PostgreSQL 14
On Demand Webinar, 14 October 2021 (finished)

PostgreSQL Performance Tuning Secrets
On Demand Webinar, 21 October 2021 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Postgres Build 2021 Conference to Feature Leading PostgreSQL Experts
18 November 2021, Yahoo Finance

Enterprise PostgreSQL Hits the Cloud as EDB's 'BigAnimal'
3 November 2021, Datanami

AWS Announces the General Availability and Open Sourcing of Babelfish for PostgreSQL
2 November 2021, InfoQ.com

EDB Announces General Availability of a PostgreSQL Database in the Cloud: BigAnimal
17 November 2021, InfoQ.com

YugabyteDB 2.11 meets developer demand for comprehensive PostgreSQL compatibility
24 November 2021, Help Net Security

provided by Google News

Python Databases 101: Which to Choose?
22 November 2021, Built In

Thousands of Firefox users see data compromised in unusual circumstances
19 November 2021, TechRadar

SQLite On The Web: Absurd-sql
24 August 2021, Hackaday

SQLite Extraction of Oracle Tables Tools, Methods and Pitfalls
20 July 2021, Linux Journal

Learn to build awesome websites for just $12
22 November 2021, PCWorld

provided by Google News

Timescale grabs $40M Series B as it goes all in on cloud version of time series database
5 May 2021, TechCrunch

Understanding Hyperfunctions in TimescaleDB
11 August 2021, CDOTrends

Timescale launches the new Timescale Cloud, a hosted relational database for time-series
5 October 2021, Business Wire

Timescale scales out and sets its sights on analytics
17 June 2021, ZDNet

Timescale Launches Industry's First Multi-Node Relational Database for Time-Series Data, Giving Organizations Unprecedented Scale
29 October 2020, Business Wire

provided by Google News

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