DBMS > PostgreSQL vs. SAP HANA vs. TinkerGraph
System Properties Comparison PostgreSQL vs. SAP HANA vs. TinkerGraph
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||PostgreSQL Xexclude from comparison||SAP HANA Xexclude from comparison||TinkerGraph Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Widely used open source RDBMS Developed as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL||In-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service||A lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 API|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS with object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.||Relational DBMS||Graph DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
Graph DBMS with SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
|Developer||PostgreSQL Global Development Group www.postgresql.org/developer||SAP|
|Initial release||1989 1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL||2010||2009|
|Current release||15.1, November 2022||2.0 SPS06 (March 4, 2022), March 2022|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source BSD||commercial||Open Source Apache 2.0|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no also available as a cloud based service||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|Server operating systems||FreeBSD|
|Appliance or cloud-service|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes specific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.||no||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes standard with numerous extensions||yes||no|
|APIs and other access methods||ADO.NET|
native C library
streaming API for large objects
|Supported programming languages||.Net|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||user defined functions realized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.||SQLScript, R||no|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash||yes||none|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Source-replica replication other methods possible by using 3rd party extensions||yes||none|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency||none|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes||yes||yes Relationships in graphs|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||ACID||no|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||no|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||optional|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||no||yes||yes|
|User concepts Access control||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||yes||no|
More information provided by the system vendor
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|DB-Engines blog posts|
Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2022, defending the title from last year
|Conferences and events|
PGCon 2023, PostgreSQL Conference for Users and Developers
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