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DBMS > PostgreSQL vs. Rockset vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison PostgreSQL vs. Rockset vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NamePostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonRockset  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLA scalable, reliable search and analytics service in the cloud, built on RocksDBCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Document storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Relational DBMS
Search engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score608.21
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score0.58
Rank#228  Overall
#36  Document stores
Score71.03
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.postgresql.orgrockset.comwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docsdocs.rockset.comdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerRocksetSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release1989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL20192014
Current release14.1, November 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSDcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageCC++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
hostedhosted
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesdynamic typingyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no infoingestion from XML files supportedyes
Secondary indexesyesall fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard with numerous extensionsRead-only SQL queries, including JOINsyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
HTTP RESTCLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.nouser defined functions
Triggersyesnono infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodespartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashAutomatic shardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsyesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and organizations can be defined via Rockset consoleUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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3rd partiesCYBERTEC is your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia, Poland, South Africa and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide and is here for you 24/7!
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
PostgreSQLRocksetSnowflake
DB-Engines blog posts

Driving the Future of PostgreSQL Adoption
15 November 2021,  Umair Shahid, Percona (sponsor) 

The Inexorable Rise of PostgreSQL
24 September 2021,  Matt Yonkovit, Percona (sponsor) 

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

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