DBMS > PostgreSQL vs. Riak KV vs. TinkerGraph
System Properties Comparison PostgreSQL vs. Riak KV vs. TinkerGraph
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||PostgreSQL Xexclude from comparison||Riak KV Xexclude from comparison||TinkerGraph Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Widely used open source RDBMS Developed as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL||Distributed, fault tolerant key-value store||A lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 API|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS with object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.||Key-value store with links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexes||Graph DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
Graph DBMS with Apache Age
|Developer||PostgreSQL Global Development Group www.postgresql.org/developer||OpenSource, formerly Basho Technologies|
|Initial release||1989 1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL||2009||2009|
|Current release||15.3, May 2023||3.2.0, December 2022|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source BSD||Open Source Apache version 2, commercial enterprise edition||Open Source Apache 2.0|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|Server operating systems||FreeBSD|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||no||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes specific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.||no||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes standard with numerous extensions||no||no|
|APIs and other access methods||ADO.NET|
native C library
streaming API for large objects
Native Erlang Interface
|Supported programming languages||.Net|
|C unofficial client library|
C++ unofficial client library
Clojure unofficial client library
Dart unofficial client library
Go unofficial client library
Groovy unofficial client library
Haskell unofficial client library
Lisp unofficial client library
Perl unofficial client library
Scala unofficial client library
Smalltalk unofficial client library
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||user defined functions realized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.||Erlang||no|
|Triggers||yes||yes pre-commit hooks and post-commit hooks||no|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash||Sharding no "single point of failure"||none|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Source-replica replication other methods possible by using 3rd party extensions||selectable replication factor||none|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||yes||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Eventual Consistency||none|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes||no links between data sets can be stored||yes Relationships in graphs|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||no||no|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||no|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||optional|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||no||yes|
|User concepts Access control||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||yes, using Riak Security||no|
More information provided by the system vendor
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|3rd parties||The State of PostgreSQL 2022 survey is now open!
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