DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > PostgreSQL vs. Riak KV vs. TinkerGraph

System Properties Comparison PostgreSQL vs. Riak KV vs. TinkerGraph

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NamePostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLDistributed, fault tolerant key-value storeA lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 API
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Key-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexesGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Apache Age
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score612.82
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score5.62
Rank#77  Overall
#9  Key-value stores
Score0.37
Rank#327  Overall
#30  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.postgresql.orgtinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlin
Technical documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docswww.tiot.jp/­riak-docs/­riak/­kv/­latest
DeveloperPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerOpenSource, formerly Basho Technologies
Initial release1989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL20092009
Current release15.3, May 20233.2.0, December 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise editionOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL DBaaS hosting On-Premises and on clouds such as AWS, Azure, GCP and DigitalOcean with no vendor lock-in. Leverage any extension and get SSH access.
  • Aiven for PostgreSQL: Fully managed and hosted PostgreSQL® with 70+ extensions and orchestration tooling included.
Implementation languageCErlangJava
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.nono
Secondary indexesyesrestrictedno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard with numerous extensionsnono
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
Groovy
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.Erlangno
Triggersyesyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooksno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodespartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashSharding infono "single point of failure"none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsselectable replication factornone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno infolinks between data sets can be storedyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesno
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesoptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes, using Riak Securityno

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesThe State of PostgreSQL 2022 survey is now open!
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

DbVisualizer is equipping database professionals with the tools they need to build, manage and maintain state-of-the-art database technologies. It has sky-high user satisfaction and is the preferred tool for database professionals around the world. Customers include Tesla, Apple, Facebook, Deutsche Bank, NASA, and 25,000 others in 145 countries.
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

Fujitsu Enterprise Postgres: An Enterprise Grade PostgreSQL with the flexibility of a hybrid cloud solution combined with industry leading security, availability and performance.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

Datasentinel: Platform for Monitoring and Analyzing the performance problems of your PostgreSQL Clusters
» more

Instaclustr: Fully Hosted & Managed PostgreSQL
» more

Aiven for PostgreSQL: The familiar open source PostgreSQL® that you know and love, with no proprietary features or add-ons that will lock you in.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
PostgreSQLRiak KVTinkerGraph
DB-Engines blog posts

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2022, defending the title from last year
3 January 2023, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Driving the Future of PostgreSQL Adoption
15 November 2021,  Umair Shahid, Percona (sponsor) 

show all

Recent citations in the news

Serverless is the future of PostgreSQL
5 June 2023, InfoWorld

PostgreSQL 16 advances query parallelism
26 May 2023, InfoWorld

MongoDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. ScyllaDB: Tractian's Experience
31 May 2023, The New Stack

MariaDB's Xpand offers PostgreSQL compatibility without the forking drama
10 May 2023, The Register

How to Migrate from Oracle to PostgreSQL
10 May 2023, hackernoon.com

provided by Google News

Supply Chain Resilience, Friend-shoring, and the Pursuit of Non-Economic Objectives
6 June 2023, Observer Research Foundation

Is Riak A Good NoSQL Database Option?
1 July 2019, Analytics India Magazine

Basho, Maker of Riak NoSQL Database, Raises $25M
13 January 2015, Data Center Knowledge

8 Most Popular NoSQL Databases
25 November 2022, Analytics India Magazine

Riak NoSQL Database: Use Cases and Best Practices
23 December 2011, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

Gremlin, a Language for Working with Graphs
15 January 2010, InfoQ.com

Graph Databases, NOSQL and Neo4j
12 May 2010, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

PostgreSQL Developer
Sydata Inc, Remote

Mid-level PostgreSQL Infrastructure Engineer Community Edition
Diaconia LLC, Remote

Senior PostgreSQL DBA
Medallia, United States

Junior PostgreSQL Infrastructure Engineer
Intone Networks, Remote

PostgreSQL Database Administrator
Treez, Inc., Remote

Site Reliability Engineer II
Edge Case Research, Remote

Data Engineer
SPR, Chicago, IL

Voice Engineer Operations
Comcast, Mount Laurel, NJ

Principal Architect
Iron Mountain, Topeka, KS

Data Architect
SPR, Chicago, IL

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Cassandra Forward online event

Want to level up your Cassandra game?
If you missed the event or would like to re-watch a session, replays are available now. Watch now!

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Present your product here